Roberto Pontremoli

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The prevalence of microalbuminuria and its relationship with several cardiovascular risk factors and target organ damage were evaluated in a cohort of 787 untreated patients with essential hypertension. Albuminuria was measured as the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in three nonconsecutive, first morning urine samples. The prevalence of microalbuminuria was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral hypoperfusion has occasionally been reported during essential hypertension. We explored regional cerebral blood flow in a large series of neurologically asymptomatic hypertensive patients to determine relations among cerebral blood flow, concomitant main vascular risk factors, and the most common signs of end-organ damage. (More)
The actual reference range of serum uric acid has been assessed according to its variations among healthy individuals. i.e. those without clinical evidence of gout. By this approach, serum uric acid values between 3.5 and 7.2 mg/dL in adult males and postmenopausal women and between 2.6 and 6.0 mg/dL in premenopausal women have been identified as normal in(More)
BACKGROUND Increased renal resistance detected by ultrasound (US) Doppler has been reported in severe essential hypertension (EH) and recently was shown to correlate with the degree of renal impairment in hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure. However, the pathophysiological significance of this finding is still controversial. METHODS In a(More)
Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is a known risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic vascular damage. Plasma homocyst(e)ine levels are influenced by nutritional and hereditary factors. A point mutation (cytosine to thymidine substitution; C677T) in the gene encoding 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) makes the enzyme thermolabile and has been(More)
BACKGROUND Mild renal dysfunction (MRD) is an often overlooked but relatively common condition in patients with primary hypertension (PH), and is associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Whether MRD is also associated with abnormalities in renal vascular resistance is currently unknown. METHODS Two hundred ninety-one untreated patients(More)
This study was performed to determine the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the normal kidney using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) sequences and to analyse both the changes due to hydration state and results repeatability. Ten volunteers underwent DW-MRI imaging of the kidneys with a breath-hold single-shot spin-echo planar(More)
The role of serum uric acid as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and renal morbidity is controversial. A better understanding of its relationship with preclinical organ damage may help clarify the mechanism(s) implicated in the development of early cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the association between uric acid and the presence and degree(More)
This paper reviews the existing epidemiological and clinical evidence about the relationships of non-diabetic microalbuminuria with cardiovascular risk factors such as elevated blood pressure (BP), systolic particularly, cardiac hypertrophy, adverse metabolic status, smoking habits, elevated angiotensin II levels, endothelial dysfunction, acute and perhaps(More)