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From the immunologic viewpoint, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by disorders of both the innate and adaptive systems, generating a complex and still not fully understood immune dysfunction. Markers of a chronically activated immune system are closely linked to several complications of CKD and represent powerful predictors for mortality in the(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent and a multiplier of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cannot be completely explained by traditional Framinghan risk factors. Consequently, greater emphasis has been placed in nontraditional risk factors, such as inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, sympathetic overactivation, protein-energy wasting oxidative(More)
Inflammation is an important predictor of increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the mechanisms behind the chronic activation of the immune system are not clearly understood. CKD patients develop fluid overload, which has been proposed to be a stimulus for inflammatory activation due to the(More)
Chronic inflammation is closely linked to several complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as vascular calcification, accelerated atherosclerosis, loss of appetite, insulin resistance, increased muscle catabolism and anemia. As a consequence, inflammation is a predictor of mortality in this group of patients. Specific causes of the activation of(More)
Peritoneal dialysis therapy has increased in popularity since the end of the 1970s. This method provides a patient survival rate equivalent to hemodialysis and better preservation of residual renal function. However, technique failure by peritonitis, and ultrafiltration failure, which is a multifactorial complication that can affect up to 40% of patients(More)
The Latin American Dialysis and Renal Transplant Registry (RLADTR) was founded in 1991; it collects data from 20 countries which are members of Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nefrología e Hiperten-sion. This paper presents the results corresponding to the year 2010. This study is an annual survey requesting data on incident and prevalent patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic liver disease and intravenous (i.v.) iron therapy can enhance oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and i.v. iron administration on oxidative stress in chronic haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS A total of 115 HD patients (47% males, age 47 +/- 13 years) were placed in two(More)
Most of the recent advances in the understanding of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related cardiovascular disease have focused on atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, and much less effort has been dedicated to unveil and evaluate the mechanisms and impact of interventions related to myocardial dysfunction. Hence, echocardiographic evaluation plays a pivotal(More)
BACKGROUND Poor oral health status may have an impact on the health status of patients with chronic renal failure. AIM To describe the oral health status of a group of Brazilian patients with chronic renal failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective review of the medical records of patients with chronic renal failure, of whom 13 (4.5%) were in a(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of peritoneal dialysis modality on patient survival and peritonitis rates is not fully understood, and no large-scale randomized clinical trial (RCT) is available. In the absence of a RCT, the use of an advanced matching procedure to reduce selection bias in large cohort studies may be the best approach. The aim of this study is to(More)