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We investigate the relationship between the nested organization of mutualistic systems and their robustness against the extinction of species. We establish that a nested pattern of contacts is the best possible one as far as robustness is concerned, but only when the least linked species have the greater probability of becoming extinct. We introduce a… (More)

It has been observed that mutualistic bipartite networks have a nested structure of interactions. In addition, the degree distributions associated with the two guilds involved in such networks (e.g., plants and pollinators or plants and seed dispersers) approximately follow a truncated power law (TPL). We show that nestedness and TPL distributions are… (More)

A generalization of the Little ^ Hop¢eld neural network model for associative memories is presented that considers the case of a continuum of processing units. The state space corresponds to an in¢nite dimensional euclidean space. A dynamics is proposed that minimizes an energy functional that is a natural extension of the discrete case.The case in which… (More)

We study the dynamics of a generalized minority game (GMG) and of the bar attendance model (BAM) in which a number of agents self-organize to match an attendance that is fixed externally as a control parameter. We compare the usual dynamics used for the minority game with one for the BAM that makes a better use of the available information. We study the… (More)

In this work we present a dynamical model that succesfully describes the organization of mutualistic ecological systems. The main characteristic of these systems is the nested structure of the bipartite adjacency matrix describing their interactions. We introduce a nestedness coefficient, as an alternative to the Atmar and Patter-son temperature, commonly… (More)

As a mock-up of synaptic transmission between neurons, we revisit a problem that has recently risen the interest of several authors: the propagation of a low-frequency periodic signal through a chain of one-way coupled bistable oscillators, subject to uncorrelated additive noise. On a numerical study performed in the optimal range of noise intensity for… (More)

We study an opinion formation model by the means of a coevolving complex network where the vertices represent the individuals, characterized by their evolving opinions, and the edges represent the interactions among them. The network adapts to the spreading of opinions in two ways: not only connected agents interact and eventually change their thinking but… (More)

The increasing capacity of modern computers, driven by Moore's Law, is accompanied by smaller noise margins and higher error rates. In this paper we propose a memory device, consisting of a ring of two identical overdamped bistable forward-coupled oscillators, which may serve as a building block in a larger scale solution to this problem. We show that such… (More)