Roberto Nuevo

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OBJECTIVE To identify the cross-national prevalence of psychotic symptoms in the general population and to analyze their impact on health status. METHOD The sample was composed of 256,445 subjects (55.9% women), from nationally representative samples of 52 countries worldwide participating in the World Health Organization's World Health Survey.(More)
BACKGROUND Nosological boundaries for depressive disorders as well as the prevalence and impact of 'subsyndromal' depression remain unclear. AIMS To examine the impact of subsyndromal depressive disorders on health status and to assess if depressive disorders lie on a continuum of severity. METHOD The sample was composed of randomly selected respondents(More)
BACKGROUND The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) has demonstrated excellent psychometric properties and good performance as a screening measure in different contexts and languages. However, comparison of its structure across countries and languages remains understudied. Measurement invariance is a prerequisite for considering the BDI equivalent across(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze with a symptom-based approach the relationship between psychosis and diabetes mellitus in the general population. METHOD Nationally representative samples from the World Health Organization (WHO) World Health Survey, totaling 224,743 randomly selected adults 18 years and older from 52 countries worldwide, were interviewed to establish(More)
This study explored whether physical health problems are related to psychotic symptoms independently of a mental disorder diagnosis. A total of 224,254 subjects recruited for the World Health Organization World Health Survey were subdivided into those with both a lifetime diagnosis of psychosis and at least one psychotic symptom in the 12 months prior to(More)
BACKGROUND The present paper studies the effectiveness of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a screening measure for depression in a general population sample from Finland. METHODS The study analysed the Finnish sample of the ODIN study, a multicentre epidemiology study of depression in Europe. From this general population sample, 311 subjects were(More)
Detection of elder abuse risk is a critical issue because a lot of cases remain hidden. Screening tools can be used to detect elder abuse. However, few tools have been developed for use with caregivers. The purpose was to develop a translation and adaptation of a Spanish version of the Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) and to assess its validity and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of different types of behavioral treatments for geriatric anxiety (cognitive behavior therapy [CBT] alone, CBT with relaxation training [RT], and RT alone). METHOD The authors compared effect sizes from 19 trials. Analyses were based on uncontrolled outcomes (comparing posttreatment and pretreatment scores) and effects(More)
BACKGROUND Subthreshold depressive disorders (minor and subthrehold depression) have been defined in a wide range of forms, varying on the number of symptoms and duration required. Disability associated with these conditions has also been reported. Our aim was to review the different definitions and to determine factors associated with these conditions in(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and test a modular psychotherapy protocol in older primary care patients with anxiety disorders. DESIGN Randomized, controlled pilot study. SETTING University-based geriatric medicine clinics. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-one elderly primary care patients with generalized anxiety disorder or anxiety disorder not otherwise specified. (More)