Roberto Musanti

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9-Hydroxy-19,20-bis-nor-prostanoic acid (IBI-C83) was evaluated on gastric acid secretion and gastric lesions induced in laboratory animals by a variety of experimental conditions: compound IBI-C83 is proved effective in decreasing basal, histamine- and pentagastrin-stimulated total acid output in rats and in pentagastrin perfused dogs. The concentration of(More)
Low physiological concentrations of 17beta-estradiol increased the intracellular pH of rat aortic smooth muscle cells by a rapid nongenomic mechanism. This effect was due to stimulation of the Na+/H+ exchanger activity, measured using the intracellular pH-sensitive fluorescent probe 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein. The(More)
The fecal steroid elimination profile was studied in 7 type II hyperlipoproteinemic patients given a low-lipid diet with textured soybean proteins, in order to define the mechanism of the hypocholesterolemic activity of this new dietary regimen. Four of the patients followed a 3- + 3-week cross-over protocol, comparing the soybean diet with a reference(More)
There is evidence that the overproduction of apoB-100-containing lipoproteins by the liver is the underlying event in some forms of dyslipoproteinemia. This metabolic status is associated to an increased risk of developing premature coronary artery disease CAD. The conclusions from previous studies suggested that the availability to the hepatocytes of(More)
We have investigated the involvement of specific phospholipase systems and their possible mutual relationship with the mechanism by which atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) increases phosphatidate (PA) and diacylglycerol (DAG) in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC), one of the major targets of this hormone. Our results indicate that ANF initially stimulates(More)
The underlying cause of cellular degeneration in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson disease has not been clearly established. With the objective of investigating whether metabolic abnormalities would be detected in peripheral non-neuronal cells, we began assessing key metabolic parameters in skin fibroblasts of these patients. The present(More)
The effect of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists on the receptor-mediated low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding and internalization was studied in vitro in human skin fibroblasts. The cellular uptake of 125I-labeled human LDL was dose dependently elevated by some, but not all, of the drugs used. This effect of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists was positively related(More)
Cholesterol accumulation in macrophages that have migrated in the subintimal space leads to foam cell formation, which is believed to be one of the initiating events in atherosclerosis. In this study we investigated the effect of cholesterol feeding on peritoneal monocyte/macrophage cholesterol content and peritoneal cavity lipoprotein composition in rats.(More)
The metabolism of apolipoprotein A-IV (apo-IV) has been investigated in the rat. In this animal species, apoA-IV is a major protein constituent of plasma HDL and lymph chylomicron. The apolipoprotein is also present in the lipoprotein-deficient fraction (LDF) of plasma and lymph. In vivo studies with the radioiodinated protein showed the apoA-IV does not(More)
Uptake of modified lipoproteins by resident arterial monocytes/macrophages is believed to be a key event in the formation of foam cells and thus in the early phases of atherosclerosis. Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) that undergo oxidative changes become suitable for uptake by macrophages through a specific scavenger receptor that leads to cholesteryl ester(More)