Roberto Martínez

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KM(+) is a mannose-binding lectin from Artocarpus integrifolia that induces interleukin (IL)-12 production by macrophages and protective T helper 1 immune response against Leishmania major infection. In this study, we performed experiments to evaluate the therapeutic activity of jackfruit KM(+) (jfKM(+)) and its recombinant counterpart (rKM(+)) in(More)
Natural infection of armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis in Northern Brazil was reported in 1986, raising great interest in the understanding of the role of this mammal in the epidemiological cycle of the fungus. Recently, P. brasiliensis was isolated from the soil of Ibiá, State of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil.(More)
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis has rarely been isolated from its habitat in rural areas. In order to investigate the hypothesis that human infection with this fungus is linked to coffee plantations (Coffea arabica), material was collected monthly over a period of 1 year from farms in the town of Ibiá, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 760 samples of(More)
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis components interact with host cells and can influence the pathogenesis of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). Among the components released by P. brasiliensis, gp 43 and a heavily glycosylated antigen with MM>160 kDa are the most recognized by serum antibodies from patients with PCM. In order to isolate the high MM glycoconjugate, we(More)
The long-term persistence of pathogens in a host is a hallmark of certain infectious diseases, including schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). Natural regulatory T (Treg) cells are involved in control of the immune responses, including response to pathogens. Because CTLA-4 is constitutively expressed in Treg cells and it acts as(More)
Static-image and dynamic- (real-time) image telepathology are competing technologies. Although some studies suggest that the diagnostic accuracy of the dynamic-image telepathology approaches the accuracy of light microscopy, few reports have documented the diagnostic accuracy of static-image telepathology as used in the setting of an actual surgical(More)
The mechanism that leads to the remarkable T cell unresponsiveness to antigens in paracoccidioidomycosis is unknown. We investigated the involvement of cytokines, of Fas-Fas ligand (Fas-FasL)-induced apoptosis, and of cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) engagement, in the mediation of this phenomenon. T cell unresponsiveness was not associated with(More)
An epidemiological survey in an endemic area for paracoccidioidomycosis in Ibiá town, Minas Gerais state, Brazil was carried out. For this, we used a standard form for each household and intradermal antigens of histoplasmin and paracoccidioidin. Out of 194 individuals, 109(56%) were engaged in the survey showing reactivity of 44% and 49.5% for these(More)
The authors report the first six cases of disseminated histoplasmosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) seen at the University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, from 1987 to 1989, with emphasis on dermatological clinical manifestations, nasal mucosa lesions and treatment. The mycosis was the first(More)
This article reports the spread of bla(KPC-2) in the Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states, facilitated by globally spread K. pneumoniae clonal complex 258 (CC258) clones (ST258, ST11, and ST437) and a diversity of plasmids (IncFII, IncN, and IncL/M, two untypeable plasmids carrying Tn4401a or Tn4401b) successfully disseminated among species of the(More)