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* We thank Jeff Furman, both for extremely insightful comments and suggestions as well as for generous assistance in obtaining the citation data. We also thank ABSTRACT: While the impact of intellectual property rights on the diffusion and use of scientific knowledge is at the heart of contemporary policy debates, evidence about the role of patents in(More)
Much research in sociology and labor economics studies proxies for productivity; consequently, little is known about the relationship between personal contacts and worker performance. This study addresses , for the first time, the role of referral contacts on workers' performance. Using employees' hiring and performance data in a call center, the author(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. We thank Maria Charles and Roberto Fernandez for valuable comments on previous drafts. This study is part of a larger project called " Future Paths: Developing Diverse Leadership for Engineering, " funded by the National Science Foundation(More)
Conventional wisdom suggests that when institutional logics overlap , the production of hybrids signifies collapse, blending, or easy coexistence. The author provides an alternative interpretation: hybrids can maintain a distinctive boundary and can emerge from contestation, not coexistence. This alternative interpretation is grounded in an analysis of a(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission, provided that full credit including © notice is given to the source. Chicago business schools for guidance and feedback. We take full responsibility for remaining errors. Abstract We provide a framework for reconciling two seemingly(More)
hat accounts for differences in job tenure? Turnover and mobility, by providing differential opportunities for advancement and individual attainment, are key mechanisms for understanding occupational segregation, social stratification, and internal labor markets that have long interested sociologists (Baron and Over decades of inquiry, scholars have(More)
The importance of networks in labor markets is well-known, and their job segregating effects in organizations taken as granted. Conventional wisdom attributes this segregation to the homophilous nature of contact networks, and leaves little role for organizational influences. But employee referrals are necessarily initiated within a firm by employee(More)
This study focuses on the impact of sex, race, and social networks, to analyze the hiring process in a midsized high-technology organization , using information on all 35,229 applicants in a 10-year period (1985–94). For gender, the process is entirely meritocratic: age and education account for all sex differences. But even without taking into account the(More)