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The hormonal form of vitamin D(3), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), is an immune system modulator and induces expression of the TLR coreceptor CD14. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) signals through the vitamin D receptor, a ligand-stimulated transcription factor that recognizes specific DNA sequences called vitamin D response elements. In this study, we show(More)
LCoR (ligand-dependent corepressor) is a transcriptional corepressor widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues that is recruited to agonist-bound nuclear receptors through a single LXXLL motif. LCoR binding to estrogen receptor alpha depends in part on residues in the coactivator binding pocket distinct from those bound by TIF-2. Repression by LCoR is(More)
General knowledge of the role of vitamin D3 in human physiology has been shaped by its discovery as a preventive agent of nutritional rickets, a defect in bone development due to inadequate uptake of dietary calcium. Studies on the function of the hormonal form of vitamin D3, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, have been greatly accelerated by the molecular(More)
The active form of vitamin D3, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] is key mediator of calcium homeostasis and is a component of the complex homeostatic system of the skin. 1,25-(OH)2D3 regulates cellular differentiation and proliferation and has broad potential as an anticancer agent. Oligonucleotide microarrays were used to assess profiles of(More)
Vitamin D deficiency results in defects in endochondral bone development characteristic of rickets, which include elongation of the cartilaginous growth plates and disorganization of the primary spongiosa. These defects are caused in part by impaired cartilage mineralization and vascularization of the chondro-osseous junction. Blood vessel invasion of(More)
Treatment of cancer cells with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] or its analogs induces growth arrest and expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(KIP1). Although 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) transiently enhances p27(kip1) gene transcription in some cells, its effects on p27(KIP1) protein levels are generally more gradual and sustained. This(More)
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