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The zygotically active tailless (tll) gene plays a key role in the establishment of nonmetameric domains at the anterior and posterior poles of the Drosophila embryo. We have cloned the tll gene and show that it encodes a protein with striking similarity to steroid hormone receptors in both the DNA binding "finger" and ligand binding domains. tll RNA is(More)
rIPC (remote ischaemic preconditioning) is a phenomenon whereby short periods of ischaemia and reperfusion of a tissue or organ (e.g. mesentery, kidney) can protect a distant tissue or organ (e.g. heart) against subsequent, potentially lethal, ischaemia. We, and others, have shown that transient limb ischaemia can provide potent myocardial protection(More)
OBJECT Intravenous fluorescein sodium has been used during resection of high-grade gliomas to help the surgeon visualize tumor margins. Several studies have reported improved rates of gross-total resection (GTR) using high doses of fluorescein sodium under white light. The recent introduction of a fluorescein-specific camera that allows for high-quality(More)
Volume regulatory Cl- channels are key regulators of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Because Cl- efflux must be balanced by an efflux of cations to maintain cell membrane electroneutrality during volume regulation, we hypothesize that I(K1) channels may play a role in IPC. We subjected cultured cardiomyocytes to 60-minute simulated ischemia (SI) followed by(More)
Inhibition of Aurora kinase B has been evaluated as a therapy to block solid tumor growth in breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma, and colorectal cancer models. Aurora kinase inhibitors are in early clinical trials for the treatment of leukemia. We hypothesized that Aurora B inhibition would reduce malignant glioma cell viability and(More)
To capitalize on the response of tumor cells to XRT, we developed a controlled-release nanoparticle drug delivery system using a targeting peptide that recognizes a radiation-induced cell surface receptor. Phage display biopanning identified Gly-Ile-Arg-Leu-Arg-Gly (GIRLRG) as a peptide that selectively recognizes tumors responding to XRT. Membrane protein(More)
ras proto-oncogenes have traditionally been associated with the regulation and promotion of cell growth. We have induced thymic lymphomas in N-ras(-/-) mice and in transgenic mice that overexpress wild-type N-ras and found that the lack of wild-type N-ras alleles favors the development of thymic lymphomas,whereas overexpression of wild-type N-ras protects(More)
GB virus C (GBV-C; also called hepatitis G virus) is a common cause of infection associated with prolonged survival among HIV-infected individuals. The prevalences of GBV-C viremia vary widely in different studies, and there has been poor agreement among different laboratories performing GBV-C RNA detection in quality control studies. To determine the(More)
Rapid assessment of cancer response to a therapeutic regimen can determine efficacy early in the course of treatment. Although biopsies of cancer can be used to rapidly assess pharmacodynamic response, certain disease sites are less accessible to repeated biopsies. Here, we simultaneously assess response in all sites of disease within days of starting(More)
Ras proteins have a key role in the regulation of several cellular functions, and are involved in a significant percentage of human tumors. However, the specific functions of the different Ras isoforms are poorly understood. In this work, we show for the first time a specific role for N-ras in T-cell function and development. Mice defective for N-ras have(More)