Roberto J. Lavarello

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Currently, the evaluation of thyroid cancer relies on the use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy, as non-invasive imaging methods do not provide sufficient levels of accuracy for the diagnosis of this disease. In this study, the potential of quantitative ultrasound methods for characterization of thyroid tissues was studied using a rodent model ex vivo. A(More)
A key step toward implementing quantitative ultrasound techniques in a clinical setting is demonstrating that parameters such as the ultrasonic backscatter coefficient (BSC) can be accurately estimated independent of the clinical imaging system used. In previous studies, agreement in BSC estimates for well characterized phantoms was demonstrated across(More)
Inverse scattering is considered one of the most robust and accurate ultrasonic tomography methods. Most inverse scattering formulations neglect density changes in order to reconstruct sound speed and acoustic attenuation. Some studies available in literature suggest that density distributions can also be recovered using inverse scattering formulations. Two(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects more than 30% of Americans, and with increasing problems of obesity in the United States, NAFLD is poised to become an even more serious medical concern. At present, accurate classification of steatosis (fatty liver) represents a significant challenge. In this study, the use of high-frequency (8 to 25 MHz)(More)
In vivo estimations of the frequency-dependent acoustic attenuation (alpha) and backscatter (eta) coefficients using radiofrequency (rf) echoes acquired with clinical ultrasound systems must be independent of the data acquisition setup and the estimation procedures. In a recent in vivo assessment of these parameters in rodent mammary tumors, overall(More)
The ultimate goal of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) imaging methods based on backscatter coefficient (BSC) estimates is to obtain system-independent structural information about samples. In the current study, three BSC estimation methods were compared and evaluated using the same backscattered pressure datasets in order to assess their consistency. BSC(More)
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer. However, currently, a large number of FNA biopsies result in negative or undetermined diagnosis, which suggests that better noninvasive tools are needed for the clinical management of thyroid cancer. Spectral-based quantitative ultrasound (QUS) characterizations may(More)
Backscatter and attenuation coefficient estimates are needed in many quantitative ultrasound strategies. In clinical applications, these parameters may not be easily obtained because of variations in scattering by tissues overlying a region of interest (ROI). The goal of this study is to assess the accuracy of backscatter and attenuation estimates for(More)
Previous tomographic methods using ultrasound for reconstructing sound speed and attenuation images suffered from convergence issues for targets with moderate speed of sound contrast. Convergence problems can be overcome by the use of the multiple frequency, distorted Born iterative method (DBIM). The implementation of DBIM for measurement configurations in(More)