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Before vision, retinal ganglion cells produce spontaneous waves of action potentials. A crucial question is whether this spontaneous activity is transmitted to lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) neurons. Using a novel in vitro preparation, we report that LGN neurons receive periodic barrages of postsynaptic currents from the retina that drive them to fire(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for(More)
Repetitive stimulation of synaptic connections in the cerebral cortex often induces short-term synaptic depression (STD), a property directly related to the probability of transmitter release and critical for the computational properties of the network. In order to explore how spontaneous activity in the network affects this property, we first studied STD(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance precedes overt diabetes in the general population and hypertriglyceridemia is a reliable marker of the disorder. Thus, patients in the waiting list with hypertriglyceridemia may be at risk for new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT). Objectives. We investigate whether pre-transplant triglyceride (TG) levels are a risk(More)
We examined which types of high threshold Ca(2+) channels are activated by depolarization in intact and dissociated sympathetic neurons from adult mouse superior cervical ganglia (SCG). Ba(2+) currents were recorded with microelectrodes and discontinuous voltage clamp from neurons in intact ganglia, and using the perforated patch clamp technique in(More)
Blind individuals often demonstrate enhanced non-visual perceptual abilities. Neuroimaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation experiments have suggested that computations carried out in the occipital cortex may underlie these enhanced somatosensory or auditory performances. Thus, cortical areas that are dedicated to the analysis of the visual scene may,(More)
Background. Renal transplantation is the best therapy for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with end-stage renal disease. Patient and graft survival are lower in the long term compared with HCV-negative patients. The current study evaluated the results of renal transplantation in Spain in a long period (1990–2002), focusing on graft failure.(More)
Slow spontaneous rhythmic activity is generated and propagates in neocortical slices when bathed in an artificial cerebrospinal fluid with ionic concentrations similar to the ones in vivo. This activity is extraordinarily similar to the activation of the cortex in physiological conditions (e.g., slow-wave sleep), thus representing a unique in vitro model to(More)
INTRODUCTION Continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.) effectively enables anemia control in patients with chronic kidney disease, but little information is available in renal transplant recipients. The authors aimed to evaluate the effect of C.E.R.A. under clinical practice conditions on anemia control in renal transplant recipients. (More)
OBJECTIVE Arterial hypertension is a prevalent complication that occurs in 75-90% of kidney-transplant recipients. Data about resistant arterial hypertension are scarce. The aim of this multicenter, cross-sectional, and observational study was to assess the prevalence and the clinical features of true resistant hypertension among renal-transplant patients.(More)