Roberto J Diaz

Learn More
rIPC (remote ischaemic preconditioning) is a phenomenon whereby short periods of ischaemia and reperfusion of a tissue or organ (e.g. mesentery, kidney) can protect a distant tissue or organ (e.g. heart) against subsequent, potentially lethal, ischaemia. We, and others, have shown that transient limb ischaemia can provide potent myocardial protection(More)
OBJECT Intravenous fluorescein sodium has been used during resection of high-grade gliomas to help the surgeon visualize tumor margins. Several studies have reported improved rates of gross-total resection (GTR) using high doses of fluorescein sodium under white light. The recent introduction of a fluorescein-specific camera that allows for high-quality(More)
Cardiac inward rectifier K+ currents (IK1) play an important role in maintaining resting membrane potential and contribute to late phase repolarization. Members of the Kir2.x channel family appear to encode for IK1. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular composition of cardiac IK1 in rabbit ventricle. Western blots revealed that Kir2.1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Clusterin is a glycoprotein that has been implicated in many processes, including apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, and DNA repair. Previous studies have examined the prognostic value of clusterin expression in various malignancies. In the present study, we examined clusterin staining in tumors resected from patients with non-small cell lung(More)
AIMS We have previously shown that reduction of ischaemic cell swelling via enhanced cell volume regulation is a key mechanism of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) in cardiomyocytes. We have also shown that pharmacological blockade of Cl(-) channels abolishes cardioprotection achieved by IPC in Langendorff-perfused hearts and freshly isolated cardiomyocytes,(More)
Ras proteins have a key role in the regulation of several cellular functions, and are involved in a significant percentage of human tumors. However, the specific functions of the different Ras isoforms are poorly understood. In this work, we show for the first time a specific role for N-ras in T-cell function and development. Mice defective for N-ras have(More)
PURPOSE To conduct a retrospective review of 168 consecutively treated locally advanced head-and-neck cancer (LAHNC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)/chemotherapy, to determine the rate and risk factors for developing hypothyroidism. METHODS AND MATERIALS Intensity-modulated radiotherapy was delivered in 33 daily fractions to(More)
Multiple initiatives are underway to harness the clinical benefits of remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) based on applying non-invasive, brief, intermittent limb ischemia/reperfusion using an external occluder. However, little is known about how rIPC induces protection in cardiomyocytes, particularly through G-protein coupled receptors. In these(More)
OBJECT Skull base chordomas can be managed by surgical intervention and adjuvant radiotherapy. As survival for this disease increases, identification of determinants of quality of life becomes an important focus for guiding comprehensive patient care. In this study the authors sought to measure functional outcome and quality of life in patients with skull(More)
Reduction of cAMP has been implicated in the protection of ischemic preconditioning (IP), but until now, this possibility has not been directly addressed. In this study, we found that in the in vivo rabbit heart 10 to 30 minutes of sustained regional ischemia was accompanied by a nearly twofold rise in cAMP levels. This increase in cAMP was attenuated when(More)