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The Pathological Classification of Prostate Lesions in Genetically Engineered Mice (GEM) is the result of a directive from the National Cancer Institute Mouse Models of Human Cancer Consortium Prostate Steering Committee to provide a hierarchical taxonomy of disorders of the mouse prostate to facilitate classification of existing and newly created mouse(More)
We have previously reported the development of a transgenic mouse model for prostate cancer derived from PB-Tag transgenic line 8247, henceforth designated the TRAMP (transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate) model. We now describe the temporal and spatial consequences of transgene expression and report the identification and characterization of metastatic(More)
We previously established the autochthonous transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) model to facilitate characterization of molecular mechanisms involved in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer. TRAMP mice display high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or well-differentiated prostate cancer by 10-12 weeks of age. To test the(More)
To elucidate the sequence of molecular events intricate with angiogenesis and the initiation and progression prostate cancer, the temporal and spatial expression patterns of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM1/CD31), hypoxia-induced factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and the cognate receptors VEGFR1 and(More)
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is a cytosolic protein that catalyzes metabolic detoxification of quinones and protects cells against redox cycling and oxidative stress. NQO1-null mice deficient in NQO1 protein showed increased sensitivity to 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene- and benzo(a)pyrene-induced skin carcinogenesis. In the present studies, we(More)
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by a T-cell-mediated alveolitis, and the putative role of other inflammatory cells in its pathogenesis remains unclear. In this study we determined whether increased quantities of neutrophils were present in HP lungs, and if they were positive for gelatinase B and collagenase-2. Fifteen nonsmoking patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels have been implicated in the mechanism of neuronal ischemic preconditioning. To evaluate the role of neuronal/beta-cell-type K(ATP) channels, SUR1 null (Sur1KO) mice lacking (K(IR)6.x/SUR1)(4) K(ATP) channels were subjected to a preconditioning protocol with the use of double carotid occlusion. (More)
To investigate repair mechanisms in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fib rosis, we used mice deficient in γ−glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT-/-), a key enzyme in GSH and cysteine metabolism. Seventy-two hours after bleomycin (0.03 U/g), GGT-/-mice displayed a different inflammatory response to wild-type as judged by a near absence of neutrophils in lung tissue and(More)
Prostate cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer-related death for men in the United States. Mutations in tumor suppressor genes including retinoblastoma (Rb), p53, and PTEN have been linked to the development of prostate cancer in man and mouse models, and loss of heterozygosity of the Rb locus has been observed in up to 60% of clinical cases. In(More)
The cytosolic quinone oxidoreductases NQO1 and NQO2 protect cells against oxidative stress by detoxifying quinones and preventing redox cycling. In this study, we used double knockout (DKO) mice deficient for NQO1 and NQO2 to investigate the role of these antioxidative enzymes in a two-stage model of inflammatory skin carcinogenesis. In this model, tumors(More)