Roberto J. Barrios

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The Pathological Classification of Prostate Lesions in Genetically Engineered Mice (GEM) is the result of a directive from the National Cancer Institute Mouse Models of Human Cancer Consortium Prostate Steering Committee to provide a hierarchical taxonomy of disorders of the mouse prostate to facilitate classification of existing and newly created mouse(More)
We have previously reported the development of a transgenic mouse model for prostate cancer derived from PB-Tag transgenic line 8247, henceforth designated the TRAMP (transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate) model. We now describe the temporal and spatial consequences of transgene expression and report the identification and characterization of metastatic(More)
We previously established the autochthonous transgenic adenocarcinoma mouse prostate (TRAMP) model to facilitate characterization of molecular mechanisms involved in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer. TRAMP mice display high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or well-differentiated prostate cancer by 10-12 weeks of age. To test the(More)
To elucidate the sequence of molecular events intricate with angiogenesis and the initiation and progression prostate cancer, the temporal and spatial expression patterns of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31), hypoxia-induced factor-1 ␣ (HIF-1␣), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and the cognate receptors VEGFR1 and VEGFR2(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels have been implicated in the mechanism of neuronal ischemic preconditioning. To evaluate the role of neuronal/beta-cell-type K(ATP) channels, SUR1 null (Sur1KO) mice lacking (K(IR)6.x/SUR1)(4) K(ATP) channels were subjected to a preconditioning protocol with the use of double carotid occlusion. (More)
To investigate repair mechanisms in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fib rosis, we used mice deficient in γ−glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT-/-), a key enzyme in GSH and cysteine metabolism. Seventy-two hours after bleomycin (0.03 U/g), GGT-/-mice displayed a different inflammatory response to wild-type as judged by a near absence of neutrophils in lung tissue and(More)
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by a T-cell-mediated alveolitis, and the putative role of other inflammatory cells in its pathogenesis remains unclear. In this study we determined whether increased quantities of neutrophils were present in HP lungs, and if they were positive for gelatinase B and collagenase-2. Fifteen nonsmoking patients(More)
To examine the toxicity of cyclosiloxanes (CSs), the predominant low molecular weight cyclic silicones found in breast implants, we injected female CD-1 mice intraperitoneally with different doses of distillate (3.5-35 g/kg body weight) containing cyclosiloxane D3 (hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane; CS-D3), cyclosiloxane D4 (octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane; CS-D4),(More)
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1(-/-) (NQO1(-/-)), NQO1(+/-) along with NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2(-/-) (NQO2(-/-)), and wild-type (WT) mice were exposed to five once weekly doses of mitomycin C. The mice were euthanized 15 weeks after the first dose. Blood cell counts and histologic analyses were done. WT and NQO2(-/-) mice showed hypocellularity and a(More)
Genetically obese Zucker rats, like obese humans, have normal or elevated circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels in the presence of low GH secretion. Hyperinsulinemia, increased energy status, or other nutritional factors associated with obesity could be responsible for these findings directly by increasing hepatic IGF-I production at the(More)