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The role of acidic pH in the conversion of human prion protein to the pathogenic isoform is investigated by means of molecular dynamics simulations, focusing the attention on the effect of protonation of histidine residues on the conformational behavior of human PrPC globular domain. Our simulations reveal a significant loss of alpha-helix content under(More)
The thermophilic bacterium Bacillus thermoantarcticus produces two exocellular polysaccharides (EPS 1 and EPS 2), which can be obtained from the supernatant of liquid cultures by cold-ethanol precipitation, in yields as high as 400 mg liter(sup-1). The EPS fraction was produced with all substrates tested, although a higher yield was obtained with mannose as(More)
Among vertebrates, chondrichthyans exhibit peculiar karyotypes and total amount and composition of DNA very different from those of tetrapods and teleosteans. Selachians have relatively large genome sizes (more than 30 pg/N), which are inversely related to the fraction rich in adenine-thymine. Moreover, they show a high chromosome number (2n = 60-100),(More)
A thorough study of the excited-state properties of the stacked dimers and trimers of 9-methyladenine in B-DNA conformation has been performed in aqueous solution by using time-dependent density functional calculations and the solvent polarizable continuum model, and results were compared with experimental results on polyadenine oligomers. The effect of(More)
The photophysics and photochemistry of DNA is of great importance due to the potential damage of the genetic code by UV light. Quantum mechanical studies have played a key role in interpretating the results of modern time-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy, and in elucidating the main photoactivated reactive paths. This review provides a concise, complete(More)
Guanosine monophosphate (GMP) in aqueous solutions has been studied with femtosecond broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy and by quantum-mechanical calculations. The sample was excited at 267 or 287 nm and probed between 270 and 1000 nm with 100 fs resolution, for various pH values between 2 and 7. At pH 2, when the guanine ring is ground-state(More)
We review the most significant results obtained in the study of isolated nucleobases in solution by quantum mechanical methods, trying to highlight also the most relevant open issues. We concisely discuss some methodological issues relevant to the study of molecular electronic excited molecular states in condensed phases, focussing on the methods most(More)
The importance of local (intraresidue) effects in determining the stability of the collagen triple helix has been investigated with special reference to the role played by hydroxyproline. To this end the dipeptide analogues of L-proline (ProDA), 4(R)-hydroxy-L-proline (HypDA), and 4(R)-fluoro-L-proline (FlpDA) have been studied by means of quantum(More)
The physicochemical effects modulating the conformational behavior and the rate of intramolecular dissociative electron transfer in phthalimide-Aibn-peroxide peptides (n = 0-3) have been studied by an integrated density functional/continuum solvent model. We found that three different orientations of the phthalimide ring are possible, labeled Phihel, PhiC7,(More)
An effective state specific (SS) model for the inclusion of solvent effects in time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computations of excited electronic states has been developed and coded in the framework of the so-called polarizable continuum model (PCM). Different relaxation time regimes can be treated thus giving access to a number of(More)