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Withdrawal from chronic cocaine reduces extracellular glutamate levels in the nucleus accumbens by decreasing cystine/glutamate exchange (xc-). Activating xc- with N-acetylcysteine restores(More)
Abstract Rationale. Previous work from our laboratory indicated that Wistar rats will self-administer ethanol (EtOH) directly into the posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA) and that 5-HT3(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was designed to test directly whether a contextual stimulus for access to ethanol would acquire the ability to enhance locomotor activity and dopamine efflux in the(More)