Roberto Gutiérrez

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Three experiments investigated the relationship between the presumption of harm in harmfree violations of creatural norms (taboos) and the moral emotions of anger and disgust. In Experiment 1, participants made a presumption of harm to others from taboo violations, even in conditions described as harmless and not involving other people; this presumption was(More)
Are verbal reports of disgust in moral situations specific indicators of the concept of disgust, or are they used metaphorically to refer to anger? In this experiment, participants read scenarios describing a violation of a norm either about the use of the body (bodily moral) or about harm and rights (socio-moral). They then expressed disgust and anger on(More)
Sensory dysfunctions may underlie key characteristics in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The current study aimed to investigate auditory change detection in children with ASD in order to determine event-related potentials to meaningless and meaningful speech stimuli. 11 high functioning boys with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (mean(More)
UNLABELLED The current study addressed deaf children's Theory of Mind (ToM) development as measured by a battery of first- and second-order belief tasks. Both a chronological age-matched control group and a younger group of pre-school aged hearing children were compared to a group of deaf children born to hearing parents. A hearing native signer enacted(More)
The current study addressed deaf children’s Theory of Mind (ToM) development as measured by a battery of firstand second-order belief tasks. Both a chronological agematched control group and a younger group of pre-school aged hearing children were compared to a group of deaf children born to hearing parents. A hearing native signer enacted each of the(More)
Diets of preschool children from two studies carried out in rural areas of Costa Rica were analyzed to determine the relationship between caloric and protein deficiencies. On the average, a clear caloric deficiency was observed in the diets of all age groups considered, but their protein content was adequate. The individual analysis of the diets indicate(More)
There is substantial evidence to suggest that deafness is associated with delays in emotion understanding, which has been attributed to delays in language acquisition and opportunities to converse. However, studies addressing the ability to recognise facial expressions of emotion have produced equivocal findings. The two experiments presented here attempt(More)
Introducción. Los autores desarrollan un nuevo Criterio diagnóstico para la depresión (CDAD) compuesto por siete ítems: ánimo, motivación/interés, impulso, gusto/ placer, trabajo cotidiano, energía y distinta cualidad. Se proponen examinar su validez predictiva, y fiabilidad, así como sus propiedades psicométricas y su validez constructiva. Existen pocos(More)
Article Extreme levels of anxiety are often experienced in social situations partially because we have a desire to make a positive impression and fear people will evaluate our behavior negatively (Mansell & Clark, 1999). These situations often lead individuals who are more socially anxious—those who show a marked and persistent fear of social situations—to(More)
Video games have become a popular entertainment among adolescents. Although some video games are educational, there are others with high content of violence and the potential for other harmful effects. Lack of appropriate supervision of video games use during adolescence, a crucial stage of development, may lead to serious behavioral consequences in some(More)