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A substantial genetic contribution in the etiology of developmental dyslexia (DD) has been well documented with independent groups reporting a susceptibility locus on chromosome 15q. After the identification of the DYX1C1 gene as a potential candidate for DD, several independent association studies reported controversial results. We performed a family-based(More)
Substantial heritability has been reported for developmental dyslexia (DD), and KIAA0319 and ROBO1 appear as more than plausible candidate susceptibility genes for this developmental disorder. Converging evidence indicates that developmental difficulties in oral language and mathematics can predate or co-occur with DD, and substantial genetic correlations(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood shyness can predate social anxiety disorder and may be associated with biased discrimination of facial expressions of emotions. OBJECTIVE To determine whether childhood shyness, or the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism genotype, can predict participants' visual event-related potentials in response to expressions of children(More)
The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) and genetic polymorphisms on individual differences for externalized behaviors have often been investigated separately in studies of children and adults. In a general population sample of 607 Italian preadolescents, we examined the independent and joint effects of SES and the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) and serotonin(More)
BACKGROUND Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in social communication and by a pattern of repetitive behaviours, with learning disability (LD) typically seen in up to 70% of cases. A recent study using the PPL statistical framework identified a novel region of genetic linkage on chromosome 16q21 that is limited to ASD families(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Developmental dyslexia is a heritable condition, with genetic factors accounting for 44-75% of the variance in performance tests of reading component subphenotypes. Compelling genetic linkage and association evidence supports a quantitative trait locus in the 6p21.3 region that encodes a gene called DCDC2. In this study, we explored the(More)
BACKGROUND Both genetic and psychosocial risk factors influence the risk for depression in development. While the impacts of family structure and of serotonergic polymorphisms upon individual differences for affective problems have been investigated separately, they have never been considered together in a gene-environment interplay perspective. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a complex heritable condition associated with impairments in multiple neurocognitive domains. Substantial heritability has been reported for DD and related phenotypes, and candidate genes have been identified. Recently, a candidate gene for human cognitive processes, that is, GRIN2B, has been found to be(More)
Dopamine genes are candidate genes for dyslexia in the light of the well-known comorbidity between dyslexia and ADHD. Within-family association and linkage disequilibrium were tested between four genetic markers at DRD4, DRD3, DRD2, and DAT loci, and dyslexia, in a sample of 130 Italian dyslexic children, 16.9% of whom had comorbid ADHD. No evidence of(More)