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OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to describe the clinical presentation of primary SS (pSS) in a large cohort of patients by assessing the prevalence of the patient subgroups at high risk for severe extraglandular manifestations and to explore the influence of the patients' serological profile on disease severity and on immunosuppressive drug(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the 1-year efficacy and safety of a regimen of tocilizumab plus methotrexate or placebo, which was augmented by a treat-to-target strategy from week 24. METHODS ACT-RAY was a double-blind, 3-year trial. Adults with active rheumatoid arthritis despite methotrexate were randomised to add tocilizumab to ongoing methotrexate (add-on(More)
Pathogenic mechanisms underlying the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are very complex and not yet entirely clarified. However, the pivotal role of T lymphocytes in the induction and perpetuation of aberrant immune response is well established. Among T cells, IL-17 producing T helper (Th17) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells represent an(More)
Cardiovascular (CV) system involvement is a frequent complication of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It still remains unclear if a premature atherosclerosis (ATS) occurs even in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Although microvascular disease is a hallmark of SSc, in the last few years a number of(More)
Several lines of evidence point to a profound remodelling of the cytokine network in healthy elderly subjects, with decreased type-1 cytokine production (IL 2) and a shift to type 0 and 2. We have also observed an increase of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha) in vitro, and an increase of circulating stem cell factor in vivo. In this setting,(More)
The objectives of the study are to evaluate DNase I serum levels and their correlation with soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) and with cell surface Fas expression in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), thus contributing to the dysregulated apoptosis typical of the disease. The methods include the following: Serum DNase I levels(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare the efficacy and tolerability of etoricoxib and diclofenac in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. METHODS In this 6-week double-blind, active comparator controlled, parallel-group study eligible osteoarthritis patients were randomised to receive either etoricoxib 60 mg once daily (n = 256) or diclofenac 50 mg(More)
Naive (unsensitized) and memory (antigen-primed) T cells can be phenotypically distinguished on the basis of the high or low intensity with which they express a number of immunologically relevant lymphocyte membrane antigens, including CD45R, CDw29, UCHL1, LFA-1, LFA-3, CD2 and Pgp-1. Here we report that in contrast to the two major T cell subsets found in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate pregnancy and fetal outcomes in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). METHODS An obstetric history of 36 women with established diagnosis of pSS at pregnancy was obtained from a multicenter cohort of 1075 patients. In a subgroup case-control analysis, 12 deliveries in patients with pSS were compared with 96 control(More)