Roberto Gasparini

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The epidemiological picture of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the general population is largely unknown, even in developed countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and genotype distribution of HCV amongst a large sample of the Italian general population. A total of 3,577 serum samples were collected and screened for anti-HCV(More)
Rotavirus P[8]G9 was recognized as the most widespread genotype during a sentinel-based survey in Italy; phylogenetic analysis of the VP7 and VP4 genes showed that Italian isolates constituted a closely related genetic cluster distinct from the other G9 strains recently isolated in other European countries, America, and Asia.
BACKGROUND Pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) has the potential to cause a major global pandemic in humans. Safe and effective vaccines that induce immunologic memory and broad heterotypic response are needed. METHODS AND FINDINGS Healthy adults aged 18-60 and > 60 years (n = 313 and n = 173, respectively) were randomized (1:1) to receive two primary(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that influenza can be clinically important in otherwise healthy children. However, the interpretation of many studies is limited because of lack of laboratory confirmation of influenza-like illnesses. Therefore it is difficult to conclude whether the socioeconomic impact of influenza justifies vaccinating all children(More)
OBJECTIVE A prospective, multicentre study was conducted to evaluate the burden of laboratory confirmed influenza in healthy children and their household contacts. METHODS The patients were enrolled in four emergency departments (EDs) and by five primary care paediatricians (PCPs) in different Italian municipalities 2 days a week between November 1, 2001(More)
This prospective study compared the clinical and socio-economic impact of laboratory-confirmed influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection on healthy children and their families. Among 1,520 otherwise healthy children aged< 15 years attending the Emergency Department for acute conditions other than trauma, influenza viruses and RSV were found(More)
Influenza epidemics and pandemics carry a heavy socioeconomic burden. Hospitalization and treatment are more often necessary in high-risk patients, such as the elderly. However, the impact of influenza is not negligible even in adults, mainly because of lost productivity. The World Health Organization estimates that seasonal influenza causes 250,000-500,000(More)
OBJECTIVES Routine influenza vaccination is currently recommended in several countries for people aged more than 60 or 65 years or with high risk of complications. A lower age threshold of 50 years has been recommended in the United States since 1999. To help policymakers consider whether such a policy should be adopted more widely, we conducted an economic(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, bibliometric methods were used to investigate prevention and control of infectious diseases (IDs). The aim was to gain an overall view of published research on IDs in Europe as part of the collaborative study SPHERE (Strengthening Public Health Research in Europe). METHODS A framework for research on IDs and public health was(More)