Roberto Garcia Valencia

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Experiments carried out in bioreactor landfill simulators demonstrated that more than 40% of the total N was transferred into the liquid and gas phases during the incubation period of 380 days. Ammonium, an end product of protein degradation and important parameter to consider during landfill closure, tends to accumulate up to inhibitory levels in the(More)
Co-disposal of septic tank sludge had a positive effect on the municipal solid waste (MSW) stabilisation process in Bioreactor Landfill simulators. Co-disposal experiments were carried out using the Bioreactor Landfill approach aiming to solve the environmental problems caused by indiscriminate and inadequate disposal of MSW and especially of septic tank(More)
Bioreactor landfills are an improvement to normal sanitary landfills, because the waste is stabilised faster and the landfill gas is produced in a shorter period of time in a controlled way, thus enabling CH(4) based energy generation. However, it is still difficult to reach, within 30 years, a safe status of the landfill due to high NH(4)(+) levels (up to(More)
Seven bioreactor landfill simulators (mixed gravel, gravel in layers, and controls without gravel with two levels of compaction, i.e. normal and lower density) were used to investigate the effect of different hydraulic conditions on the waste stabilisation process. The simulators with mixed gravel showed a higher degree of waste stabilisation towards the(More)
Batch equilibration experiments using a low calcium ( approximately 1 wt.% as CaO), acidic (pH approximately 4.5) Type F fly ash demonstrated phosphate immobilization on the order of 100% to 75% for 50 and 100 mg P/l solutions, respectively. A loosely compacted column of fly ash similarly removed 10 mg P/l for over 85 pore volumes. While the interactions(More)
In the last few years, marked progress has been made in the development of methods for evaluating the mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of pesticide chemicals. The correlation of genetic and related biological activity in short-term tests with carcinogenic activity in whole animals allows the utilization of short-term mutagenicity bioassays to prescreen(More)
Entombed waste in current sanitary landfills will generate biogas and leachate when physical barriers fail in the future, allowing the intrusion of moisture into the waste mass contradicting the precepts of the sustainability concept. Bioreactor landfills are suggested as a sustainable option to achieve Final Storage Quality (FSQ) status of waste residues;(More)
The mutagenicity of fifteen insecticides, five fungicides, four herbicides, and an acaricide commonly used in Pakistan was evaluated by employing thirteen short-term bioassays. The genetic endpoints used included point or gene mutation, primary DNA damage, and chromosomal effects. Initially, all pesticides were tested in a "core" battery of four in vitro(More)
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