Roberto Formisano

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Serum prolactin is increased during chronic flunarizine treatment of patients suffering from migraine. In order to clarify the role of calcium in control of the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones, a study has now been made of the effects of chronic nimodipine and propranolol treatment of migraine patients on prolactin (PRL), luteinizing hormone (LH)(More)
PURPOSE To test the adequacy of the CVPP four-drug regimen as ancillary chemotherapy associated with extended-field radiotherapy in the treatment of early, unfavorable, clinically staged Hodgkin's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS The population of this prospective, multicenter study consisted of 49 patients with stage I-II disease, associated with bulky(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system activity have been demonstrated in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and correlated with worse prognosis. Few data are available on the effect of DM on cardiac neuropathy in heart failure (HF). The aim of the current study was to assess cardiac sympathetic activity in HF patients with and(More)
AIMS Insulin resistance (IR) represents, at the same time, cause and consequence of heart failure (HF) and affects prognosis in HF patients, but pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. Hyperinsulinemia, which characterizes IR, enhances sympathetic drive, and it can be hypothesized that IR is associated with impaired cardiac sympathetic innervation in(More)
Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) hyperactivity is a salient characteristic of chronic heart failure (HF) and contributes to the progression of the disease. Iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-mIBG) imaging has been successfully used to assess cardiac SNS activity in HF patients and to predict prognosis. Importantly, SNS hyperactivity characterizes(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with impaired prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF), but pathogenic mechanisms are unclear. In the failing heart, elevated β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) activation by catecholamines causes G-protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2) upregulation which is responsible for β-AR signalling dysfunction.(More)
In HIV infected patients an increased incidence of cardiac events has been reported since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Antiretroviral drugs' regimens are, in fact, associated with several metabolic side effects, such as dyslipidemia, impaired glucose metabolism and abnormal body fat distribution, that increase(More)
In heart failure (HF), exercise has been shown to modulate cardiac sympathetic hyperactivation which is one of the earliest features of neurohormonal derangement in this syndrome and correlates with adverse outcome. An important molecular alteration related to chronic sympathetic overstimulation in HF is represented by cardiac β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR)(More)
Dysphagia is more frequently observed in patients with neurologic diseases (stroke, bulbar or pseudo-bulbar syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cranial trauma). Furthermore, the presence of this pathology is obviously more frequently noted in the light of the increase in the length of the human life span. It has become evident that alternative feeding(More)
Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The majority of cardiovascular events, more than 50% of CAD deaths, occur in previously asymptomatic individuals at intermediate cardiovascular risk, highlighting the relevance of accurate individual risk assessment to decrease cardiovascular events through more(More)