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OBJECTIVE To investigate the overall occurrence of congenital heart disease in 103 pedigrees with a proband affected with atrioventricular canal. DESIGN Family study of patient series. SETTING Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Bambino Gesu' Hospital, Rome, Italy. PARTICIPANTS One hundred three consecutive patients with atrioventricular canal and(More)
The population of neonates and children with congenital heart defects presents about a 30% prevalence of associated genetic syndrome or additional extracardiac anomalies and may show an increased risk of death or major complication at cardiac surgery. Since a well-defined pattern of combined cardiac and extracardiac anomalies may be found in relation to(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the long-term patency of coronary arteries after neonatal arterial switch operation (ASO). METHODS A retrospective study of the operative reports, follow-up and postoperative catheterisation data of 119 patients, who underwent the great arteries (TGA) repair since 1991, has been carried out. PATIENT POPULATION Among the 133(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that Down's syndrome is not a risk factor for biventricular repair of complete atrioventricular septal defects. However, few data are available about the comprehensive outcome of all the cardiac surgical procedures in patients with trisomy 21, including palliative surgery. METHODS This is a retrospective study of 206(More)
We investigated the efficacy of transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure to prevent recurrent cerebral ischemic events in patients who did and those who did not have thrombophilia. Patients who have a PFO and an associated thrombophilia may have an increased risk of cerebral ischemic events. Seventy-two consecutive patients (mean age 42 +/- 13(More)
OBJECTIVE Low birth weight or premature infants may require early surgical treatment of congenital cardiac lesions because of their poor clinical status. Even thought early repair or palliation is carried out with incremental risk factor for morbidity and mortality, it has been demonstrated to be preferable to medical management and delayed surgery. This(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to evaluate percutaneous interventional and minimally invasive surgical closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in children. BACKGROUND Concern has surrounded abandoning conventional midline sternotomy in favor of the less invasive approaches pursuing a better cosmetic result and a more rational resource(More)
BACKGROUND In adults with heart failure, neurohormonal overstimulation is related to the progression of the disease, and influences prognosis. beta-blockers, which modulate neurohormonal activation, now play an essential role in the pharmacological management of heart failure in adults, but their use in children is very limited. PATIENTS AND METHODS To(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical outcome of conotruncal heart defects in patients with genetic syndromes has been poorly studied. The aim of this prospective 5-year multicenter study was to elucidate the post-surgical death rate of children with conotruncal heart defects in relation to the presence of associated genetic syndromes. METHODS Two institutions enrolled(More)