Roberto Fernández-Lafuente

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Immobilization of enzymes may produce alterations in their observed activity, specificity or selectivity. Although in many cases an impoverishment of the enzyme properties is observed upon immobilization (caused by the distortion of the enzyme due to the interaction with the support) in some instances such properties may be enhanced by this immobilization.(More)
The preparation of immobilized derivatives of lipases that may be useful to develop industrial processes of organic synthesis is an exciting field of research in which three main features have to be simultaneously considered: (a) immobilized derivatives have to be compatible with very different reaction requirements (e.g. continuous adjustment of pH with(More)
Multipoint covalent immobilization of enzymes (through very short spacer arms) on support surfaces promotes a very interesting 'rigidification' of protein molecules. In this case, the relative positions of each residue of the enzyme involved in the immobilization process have to be preserved unchanged during any conformational change induced on the(More)
The bacterial thermoalkalophilic lipases that hydrolyze saturated fatty acids at 60-75 degrees C and pH 8-10 are grouped as the lipase family I.5. We report here the crystal structure of the lipase from Geobacillus thermocatenulatus, the first structure of a member of the lipase family I.5 showing an open configuration. Unexpectedly, enzyme activation(More)
The encapsulation of crosslinked enzyme aggregates (CLEA) of penicillin G acylase into a very rigid polymeric matrix based on polyvinyl alcohol (LentiKats) has been used successfully to improve the inadequate mechanical properties of CLEA. This encapsulation decreased CLEA activity by only around 40%. As compensation, a significant improvement in the(More)
Immobilization of enzymes and proteins on activated supports permits the simplification of the reactor design and may be used to improve some enzyme properties. In this sense, supports containing epoxy groups seem to be useful to generate very intense multipoint covalent attachment with different nucleophiles placed on the surface of enzyme molecules (e.g.,(More)
A method for the preparation of new aminated agarose gels containing monoaminoethyl-N-aminoethyl structures, MANA-agarose gels, has been developed. These gels contain primary amino groups with a very low pK value (6.8). In addition to that, we have been able to prepare very highly activated gels (e.g., 10% agarose gels containing up to 200 mu Eq of primary(More)
We selected the PnpI/PupG (PNP) with specificity for ribo- and deoxyriboguanosine and ribo- and deoxyriboinosine and the Up/Pdp (UP) with specificity for uridine, thymidine, and deoxyuridine from the purine and pyrimidine salvage pathway of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Then, an extensive study of the UP (uridine phosphorylase) and PNP(More)
We have developed a strategy for immobilization-stabilization of penicillin G acylase from E. coli, PGA, by multipoint covalent attachment to agarose (aldehyde) gels. We hve studied the role of three main variables that control the intensity of these enzyme-support multiinteraction processes: 1. surface density of aldehyde groups in the activated support;(More)
The properties of a new commercially available amino-epoxy support (amino-epoxy-Sepabeads) for immobilizing enzymes have been compared to those of conventional epoxy supports. The new support has a layer of epoxy groups over a layer of ethylenediamine that is covalently bound to the support. Thus, this support has a great anionic exchanger power and a high(More)