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In 1998, a clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension (PH) was established, categorizing PH into groups which share similar pathological and hemodynamic characteristics and therapeutic approaches. During the 5th World Symposium held in Nice, France, in 2013, the consensus was reached to maintain the general scheme of previous clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to characterize left ventricular diastolic function in the sickle cell disease (SCD) population and to relate echocardiographic measures of dysfunction with pulmonary hypertension and mortality. BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension has been identified as a predictor of death in the adult SCD population. Although(More)
INTRODUCTION The functional significance of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in COPD is unclear. The purpose of the study was to define the prevalence, severity and associated functional impact of PH in patients with severe COPD listed for lung transplant. METHODS A retrospective review of the Organ Procurement and Tissue Network (OPTN) database between 1997(More)
Plasma levels of nitrite ions have been used as an index of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in vivo. Recent data suggest that nitrite is a potential intravascular repository for nitric oxide (NO), bioactivated by a nitrite reductase activity of deoxyhemoglobin. The precise levels and compartmentalization of nitrite within blood and erythrocytes have(More)
RATIONALE Electronic noses are successfully used in commercial applications, including detection and analysis of volatile organic compounds in the food industry. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that the electronic nose could identify and discriminate between lung diseases, especially bronchogenic carcinoma. METHODS In a discovery and training phase, exhaled(More)
RATIONALE Sphingosine kinases (SphKs) 1 and 2 regulate the synthesis of the bioactive sphingolipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), an important lipid mediator that promotes cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. OBJECTIVES We aimed to examine whether SphKs and their product, S1P, play a role in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is prevalent in adult patients with sickle cell disease and is strongly associated with early mortality and markers of hemolysis, in particular, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Intravascular hemolysis leads to impaired bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), mediated by NO scavenging by plasma oxyhemoglobin and by arginine(More)
To the Editor: Dr Olshansky’s research letter on the accelerated aging of US presidents concluded that presidents do not age faster than other men. That may be true, but this study cannot demonstrate it due to a faulty comparison. Olshansky compared presidents’ actual age at death (adjusted for aging by subtracting 2 days for every day in office) against(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with sudden death and is a risk factor for mortality in adult patients with sickle cell disease. The high mortality despite only mild-to-moderate increases in pulmonary vascular resistance remains an unresolved paradox. Accordingly, little is known about the cardiovascular effects of stressors, such as vaso-occlusive(More)
Increased platelet activation is recognized in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), but its pathogenesis and clinical relevance remain uncertain. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), an important complication of SCD, is characterized by a proliferative pulmonary vasculopathy, in situ thrombosis, and vascular dysfunction related to scavenging of nitric(More)