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Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) activity has been reported to be produced by several human cancers. Identification of RNAs transcribed from the IGF-I gene has been complicated by the detection of multiple hybridizing bands on Northern analysis. To determine if any of these RNAs are transcribed from the IGF-I gene, we have used a sensitive and specific(More)
Specific binding proteins are thought to modulate the effects of IGF-I. Previous work has demonstrated that media conditioned by human breast cancer cells contains IGF-I binding activity. Radiolabelled IGF-I incubated with serum-free conditioned media from the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB 231 eluted with an apparent M.W. of 35-40 kDa when analyzed by gel(More)
The coordinated activity of estrogens and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family agonists represents the main determinant of breast cancer cell proliferation. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) enhances extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) activity via the transactivation of EGFR and 17beta-estradiol (E2) induces SDF-1(More)
Human malignant pleural mesothelioma (hMPM) is an aggressive asbestos-associated cancer, the incidence of which is increasing and which, despite progress in diagnosis and therapy, continues to have a poor prognosis. Asbestos fibers induce aberrant cell signaling, leading to proto-oncogene activation and chemoresistance. In this review, we discuss the(More)
Various investigators have shown that the IGFs are mitogens for breast cancer cells. The expression of the IGF receptors is seen in most breast cancer cell lines and tissues, suggesting that most breast cancers have the ability to respond to the IGFs. Although authentic IGF-I is not expressed by breast cancer cell lines, it is possible that an IGF-related(More)
Expression of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) mRNA by some tumor cell lines of neuroectodermal origin has been described. To further explore the significance of IGF-I mRNA expression in these tumors, a more extensive analysis was performed. Most (9 of 10) neuroectodermal tumor cell lines with a t(11;22) translocation (primitive neuroectodermal tumor(More)
Because a subpopulation of cancer stem cells (tumor-initiating cells, TICs) is believed to be responsible for the development, progression, and recurrence of many tumors, we evaluated the in vitro sensitivity of human glioma TICs to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors (erlotinib and gefitinib) and possible molecular determinants for(More)
Glioblastomas are grade IV brain tumors characterized by high aggressiveness and invasiveness, giving patients a poor prognosis. We investigated the effects of the multi-kinase inhibitor sorafenib on six cultures isolated from human glioblastomas and maintained in tumor initiating cells-enriching conditions. These cell subpopulations are thought to be(More)
Endogenous sex hormones, such as oestrogens, control the development and growth of breast carcinoma. Blocking the binding between the steroid hormone and its receptor using anti-oestrogenic compounds is one of the possible ways of impeding the action of oestrogens at the level of their target tissues. The nonsteroidal, triphenylethylenic, anti-oestrogen(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are potent mitogens for some breast cancer cell lines. Recent evidence suggests that IGF-induced mitogenesis may be influenced by specific IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). In this study, breast cancer cell lines were examined for IGFBP protein and mRNA expression. Western ligand blot examination of conditioned media from(More)