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A simultaneous recording of mean flow velocity in the right middle cerebral artery by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and electroencephalographic activity was performed in 5 children with multiple daily typical absence seizures. Twenty-eight absence episodes were recorded. Mean flow velocity increased gradually a few seconds before the clinical and(More)
Cranial neuralgias are paroxysmal painful disorders of the head characterised by some shared features such as unilaterality of symptoms, transience and recurrence of attacks, superficial and "shock-like" quality of pain and the presence of triggering factors. Although rare, these disorders must be promptly recognised as they harbour a relatively high risk(More)
Migraine and epilepsy are both chronic disorders characterised by recurrent neurological attacks, with a partial clinical and therapeutic overlap and frequently occurring together. Although still incompletely clarified, the possible existence of a link between migraine and epilepsy has long been debated. In this paper the epidemiologic evidence of migraine(More)
Myoclonic epilepsy is being increasingly recognized as a late-onset complication in middle-aged or elderly patients with Down syndrome, in association with cognitive decline. We show video and EEG recordings of two patients, both aged 56 years, diagnosed with this condition. At onset, myoclonic epilepsy in elderly DS patients may resemble, in its clinical(More)
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is consistently associated with venous outflow disturbances. Sinus venous stenosis are found at magnetic resonance venography in the large majority of IIH patients and may have various conformations, ranging from functional smooth narrowings of sinus segments associated or not with definite flow gaps, to segmental(More)
Turner's syndrome (TS) is rarely associated with serious abnormalities of brain structure or malformations of cortical development. We report a 17-year-old girl with TS and 45,XO/46,XX mosaicism presenting bilateral frontal polymicrogyria (BFP) and epilepsy. To our knowledge, the association between TS and BFP has never been reported to date. Our(More)
Despite clinical similitude, there is a tendency to consider trigeminal pain in multiple sclerosis (MS) as a distinct condition. To evaluate clinical differences in trigeminal pain presentation in patients with and without underlying MS, we compared clinical characteristics of facial pain found in 15 consecutive MS patients with those reported by 13(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate levetiracetam (LEV) tolerability in patients with epilepsy and liver disease. METHODS Fourteen patients with epilepsy and concomitant liver disease were treated with LEV in an open prospective investigation mimicking the daily clinical practice. All patients were stabilized (ie, for at least 1 year) on traditional antiepileptic(More)
An 8-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of flunarizine in the prophylaxis of migraine has been performed in 70 children. After 4 weeks of medication-free base-line observation, 35 children (group A) received flunarizine (5 mg/day) and 35 (group B) received placebo over a 12-week period. After a 4-week washout they crossed treatments(More)
The aim of this study was to asses the clinical features, pattern of healthcare and drug utilization of migraine patients attending 10 Italian headache centres (HC). Migraine is underdiagnosed and undertreated everywhere throughout the world, despite its considerable burden. Migraine sufferers often deal with their problem alone using self-prescribing(More)