Roberto De Col

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Axonal conduction velocity varies according to the level of preceding impulse activity. In unmyelinated axons this typically results in a slowing of conduction velocity and a parallel increase in threshold. It is currently held that Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-dependent axonal hyperpolarization is responsible for this slowing but this has long been equivocal. We(More)
Pain is a multidimensional phenomenon with sensory, affective, and autonomic components. Here, we used parametric functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to correlate regional brain activity with autonomic responses to (i) painful stimuli and to (ii) anticipation of pain. The autonomic parameters used for correlation were (i) skin blood flow (SBF) and(More)
It is increasingly recognized that pain-induced plasticity may not only provoke sensory gain (hyperalgesia), but also sensory decline, i.e. hypoesthesia and hypoalgesia. We investigated perceptual changes by conditioning electrical stimulation of peptidergic C-nociceptors differing in stimulation frequencies and duty cycles at the left forearm. Four noxious(More)
Headaches can be evoked by activation of meningeal nociceptors, but an involvement of pericranial tissues is debated. We aimed to examine a possible extracranial innervation by meningeal afferents in the rat. For in vivo neuronal tracing, dextran amines were applied to the periosteum underlying the temporal muscle. Labeling was observed 2 days later in the(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), nitric oxide (NO) and histamine are implicated in primary headaches but their role in vascular and nociceptive events in the dura mater is not well described. In an in vitro preparation of the hemisected rat skull, CGRP and histamine release from the cranial dura was measured using enzyme-linked immunoassays. While(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is suggested to play a causative role in the pathogenesis of primary headaches. Infusion of NO donors can trigger headache attacks, and products of NO metabolism are found to be increased in the cranial circulation in patients suffering from such headaches. To examine if NO is involved in mediating and maintaining spinal trigeminal(More)
Sodium channel blockers are known for reducing pain and hyperalgesia. In the present study we investigated changes in cerebral processing of secondary mechanical hyperalgesia induced by pharmacological modulation with systemic lidocaine. An experimental electrical pain model was used in combination with functional magnetic resonance imaging. After induction(More)
OBJECTIVE To reinvestigate the innervation pattern of the dura mater of rat and human middle cranial fossa, the morpho-functional substrate of headache generation, and adjacent extracranial tissues with neuronal in vitro tracing. BACKGROUND This study was initiated by recent structural and functional findings of meningeal afferent fibers which innervate(More)
Activity-dependent processes in slowly conducting afferents have been shown to modulate conduction and receptive properties, but it is not known how the frequency of action potential firing determines the responses of such fibers to mechanical stimulation. We examined the responses of slowly conducting meningeal afferents to mechanical stimuli and the(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is regarded as a key mediator in the generation of primary headaches. CGRP receptor antagonists reduce migraine pain in clinical trials and spinal trigeminal activity in animal experiments. The site of CGRP receptor inhibition causing these effects is debated. Activation and inhibition of CGRP receptors in the(More)