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Phenomenological parameters from a mathematical model of cell motility are used to quantitatively characterize chemosensory migration responses of rat alveolar macrophages migrating to C5a in the linear under-agarose assay, simultaneously at the levels of both single cells and cell populations. This model provides theoretical relationships between(More)
In the distal airways, the alveolar macrophage plays a crucial role in defense of the lung against inhaled pathogens. These cells have been observed in vitro to move chemotactically in response to many types of attractants that may be present on the lung's surface during a bacterial or particulate challenge. This study investigated the hypothesis that(More)
In this report, we studied the applicability of a random walk model of individual cell motility in predicting the motile behavior of alveolar macrophage populations under agarose. The migration of a population of cells in the absence of a chemotactic or chemokinetic gradient can be characterized by the random motility coefficient, mu, which is analogous to(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage has emerged as a useful technique for the study of pulmonary interstitial disorders. Several types of information are provided by the evaluation of lavage fluid. First, the identification of cellular constituents helps to separate inflammatory processes in which lymphocytes predominate (for example, sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity(More)
Incubation of guinea pig pulmonary macrophages with N-formylmethionylphenylalanine (FMP) resulted in 1) a rapid increase in O2 consumption and 2) an accumulation of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide in the extracellular medium. The accumulation of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide was completely prevented in the presence of superoxide dismutase(More)
Dexamethasone is known to have an inhibitory effect on IL-1 production. To determine the mechanism(s) of this inhibition, adherent human blood monocytes were stimulated with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (10 micrograms/ml) in the presence of dexamethasone. Nuclear transcription run-off assays showed that LPS induced IL-1 beta gene transcription(More)
Patients with active sarcoidosis (acute and chronic) have a depression in systemic cell-mediated immunity manifested by a reduction in the number of circulating T cells and impaired responses of these cells to polyclonal mitogens and recall antigens. These abnormalities are absent in patients with resolved disease and contrast with heightened B-cell(More)
BAL remains a powerful investigative tool. In a short span of 20 yr, it has helped tremendously in understanding some of the aspects of the pathogenesis of diseases involving the lower respiratory tract. To realize its full potential in the diagnosis and management of diseases involving the lower respiratory tract, there is a great need for standardization(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE to ascertain whether measuring the proliferative response of bronchoalveolar lymphocytes to beryllium salts is useful for diagnosing chronic beryllium disease. DESIGN prospective case series compared to normal volunteers and patients with sarcoidosis. SETTING university referral center. PATIENTS twenty-three consecutive beryllium(More)
The processes controlling fibrosis in the human lung are poorly understood. Mononuclear cells may be important regulators of fibroblast function, and the alveolar macrophage (AM) is the major mononuclear phagocyte of the human lung. To further understand AM-fibroblast interactions in the lung, supernatants from unstimulated and stimulated adherent human AM(More)