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Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are DNA/RNA mimics extensively used for pharmacological regulation of gene expression in a variety of cellular and molecular systems, and they have been described as excellent candidates for antisense and antigene therapies. At present, very few data are available on the use of PNAs as molecules targeting miRNAs. miRNAs are a(More)
Technologies today available for the DNA detection rely on a combination of labeled probes hybridized to target sequences which are amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Direct detection methods that eliminate the requirement for both PCR and labeling steps could afford faster, cheaper and simpler devices for the analysis of small amounts of(More)
Deoxynivalenol-3-beta-D-glucoside (D3G), a phase II plant metabolite of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON), occurs in naturally Fusarium-contaminated cereals. In order to investigate the frequency of occurrence as well as the relative and absolute concentrations of D3G in naturally infected cereals, 23 wheat samples originating from fields in Austria,(More)
PURPOSE Rhabdomyosarcomas are a major cause of cancer death in children, described with MYCN amplification and, in the alveolar subtype, transcription driven by the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion protein. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of N-Myc protein expression and the potential therapeutic effects of reducing expression in rhabdomyosarcomas, including use of(More)
Herein we describe the activity of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) that targets microRNA-210 (miR-210), which is associated with hypoxia and is modulated during erythroid differentiation. PNAs directed against miR-210 were designed to bind with high affinity to the target RNA strand and to undergo efficient uptake in target cells. A polyarginine-PNA conjugate(More)
In this paper we demonstrate that peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are excellent probes able to detect the W1282X point mutation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene when biospecific interaction analysis (BIA) by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and biosensor technologies is performed. The results reported here suggest that BIA is an easy, fast, and automatable(More)
The identification of all epigenetic modifications (i.e. DNA methylation, histone modifications and expression of noncoding RNAs such as microRNAs) involved in gene regulation is one of the major steps forward for understanding human biology in both normal and pathological conditions and for development of novel drugs. In this context, microRNAs play a(More)
Four modified PNAs containing one chiral monomer bearing two arginine-derived side chains, with the correct configuration for specific and stable DNA binding, were synthesized, complementary to two DNA tracts in the APOE gene containing SNPs related to the insurgence of Alzheimer's disease. PNA binding performances were first tested in solution against(More)
The activity of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) targeting cancer-associated microRNA-221 is described. PNAs against miR-221 were designed in order to bind very efficiently to the target RNA strand and to undergo efficient uptake in the cells. A polyarginine-PNA conjugate targeted against miR-221 (Rpep-PNA-a221) showed(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are polyamidic oligonucleotide analogs which have been described for the first time fifteen years ago and were immediately found to be excellent tools in binding DNA and RNA for diagnostics and gene regulation. Their use as therapeutic agents have been proposed since early studies and recent advancements in cellular delivery(More)