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We report a recurrent microdeletion syndrome causing mental retardation, epilepsy and variable facial and digital dysmorphisms. We describe nine affected individuals, including six probands: two with de novo deletions, two who inherited the deletion from an affected parent and two with unknown inheritance. The proximal breakpoint of the largest deletion is(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with a microscopically visible deletion of the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 1 have a recognisable phenotype, including mental retardation, microcephaly, growth retardation, a distinct facial appearance and various midline defects including corpus callosum abnormalities, cardiac, gastro-oesophageal and urogenital defects, as(More)
Using array comparative genome hybridisation (CGH) 41 de novo reciprocal translocations and 18 de novo complex chromosome rearrangements (CCRs) were screened. All cases had been interpreted as "balanced" by conventional cytogenetics. In all, 27 cases of reciprocal translocations were detected in patients with an abnormal phenotype, and after array CGH(More)
An interstitial deletion of about 12Mb at 7q33-q36 was found in an adult female affected by autism and primary amenorrhea. Two genes, CNTNAP2 and NOBOX, both contained within the deletion region, have been recently associated with autism susceptibility and premature ovarian failure, respectively. Our findings reinforce the hypothesis that haploinsufficiency(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) (MIM:309000) is an X-linked multisystemic disorder affecting the eyes, nervous system and kidneys due to mutations in OCRL1 gene. The gene contains 24 exons, and encodes a 105kDa phosphatydylinositol 4,5-biphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] 5-phosphatase localized primarily in the trans-Golgi network and the lysosomes.(More)
Genome-wide high-resolution array analysis is rapidly becoming a reliable method of diagnostic investigation in individuals with mental retardation and congenital anomalies, leading to the identification of several novel microdeletion and microduplication syndromes. We have identified seven individuals with duplication on chromosome 14q11.2q13.1, who(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Ring chromosomes are often associated with abnormal phenotypes because of loss of genomic material at one or both ends. In some cases no deletion has been detected and the abnormal phenotype has been attributed to mitotic ring instability. We investigated 33 different ring chromosomes in patients with phenotypic abnormalities by array(More)
BACKGROUND Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is a rare congenital disease characterized by diffuse ectasia or dilation of precalyceal collecting tubules. Although its pathogenesis is unknown, the association with various congenital diseases suggests that it could be a developmental disorder. In addition to the typical clinical features of nephrocalcinosis and(More)
BACKGROUND Recently the genotype/phenotype map of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) has been refined, using small 4p deletions covering or flanking the critical region in patients showing only some of the WHS malformations. Accordingly, prenatal-onset growth retardation and failure to thrive have been found to result from haploinsufficiency for a 4p gene(More)