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We performed subtractive and differential hybridization for transcript comparison between murine fibroblasts and isogenic epithelium, and observed only a few novel intracellular genes which were relatively specific for fibroblasts. One such gene encodes a filament-associated, calcium-binding protein, fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1). The(More)
PURPOSE Sacral nerve modulation appears to offer a valid treatment option for some patients with fecal incontinence and functional defects of the internal anal sphincter or of the striated muscle. METHODS Sixteen patients with fecal incontinence (4 males; mean age, 51.4 (range, 27-79) years) with intact or surgically repaired (n = 1) anal sphincter(More)
PURPOSE The Italian Register was created in February 1997 to collect the national results of sacral neuromodulation. All Italian centers at which sacral neuromodulation is performed were invited to participate in our study. We present the results from retrospective and prospective registers. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 196 patients underwent(More)
PURPOSE Results of sacral neurostimulation in urinary retention are reported in the literature without distinction between the 2 functional disorders causing this condition, detrusor acontractility and functional outlet obstruction. We have suggested a stimulation test to differentiate irreversible bladder myopathy (or complete neurogenic lesion) from(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide an overview on the efficacy, tolerability, safety and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of drugs with a mixed action used in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION MEDLINE database and abstract books of the major conferences were searched for relevant publications from 1966 to 2011 and using the key(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the impact of sacral neuromodulation on quality of life and assessed the importance of quality of life for determining the success of sacral neuromodulation in patients with detrusor hyperactivity, including instability and hyperreflexia. We also compared it with parameters documented in a voiding diary. MATERIALS AND METHODS From(More)
Although overactive bladder (OAB) and detrusor overactivity (DO) are not synonyms, they share therapeutic options and partially underlying physiopathological mechanisms. The aim of this overview is to give insight into new potential targets for the treatment of OAB and DO. A narrative review was done in order to reach this goal. Ageing, pelvic floor(More)
To assess the impact of duloxetine dose escalation on tolerability and efficacy, 516 women with stress urinary incontinence were randomized to receive placebo or duloxetine in one of three regimens: 40 mg BID for 8 weeks, 40 mg QD for 2 weeks escalating to 40 mg BID for 6 weeks or 20 mg BID for 2 weeks escalating to 40 mg BID for 6 weeks. A non-inferiority(More)
PURPOSE ProACT is an adjustable continence therapy implant for post-prostatectomy incontinence. We evaluated the exact device location in clinical success and failed implant cases using spiral multidetector computerized tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated 18 consecutive patients postoperatively using pelvic spiral multidetector computerized(More)
Urinary incontinence, defined as the complaint of any involuntary loss of urine, is a pathological condition, which affects 30% females and 15% males over 60, often following a progressive decrease of rhabdosphincter cells due to increasing age or secondary to damage to the pelvic floor musculature, connective tissue and/or nerves. Recently, stem cell(More)