Roberto C. Mancini

Learn More
We use a parallel multi-objective genetic algorithm to drive a search and reconstruction spectroscopic analysis of plasma gradients in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosion cores. In previous work, we had shown that our serial multi-objective Genetic Algorithm was a good method to solve two-criteria X-ray spectroscopy diagnostics problems. However,(More)
Nearly a century ago it was recognized that radiation absorption by stellar matter controls the internal temperature profiles within stars. Laboratory opacity measurements, however, have never been performed at stellar interior conditions, introducing uncertainties in stellar models. A particular problem arose when refined photosphere spectral analysis led(More)
Theoretical opacities are required for calculating energy transport in plasmas. In particular, understanding stellar interiors, inertial fusion, and Z pinches depends on the opacities of mid-atomic-number elements over a wide range of temperatures. The 150–300 eV temperature range is particularly interesting. The opacity models are complex and experimental(More)
Measurements of iron-plasma transmission at 156+/-6 eV electron temperature and 6.9+/-1.7 x 10(21) cm(-3) electron density are reported over the 800-1800 eV photon energy range. The temperature is more than twice that in prior experiments, permitting the first direct experimental tests of absorption features critical for understanding solar interior(More)
X-ray spectroscopic analysis is a powerful tool for plasma diagnostics. We use genetic algorithms to automatically analyze experimental X-ray line spectra and discuss a particular implementation of the genetic algorithm suitable for our problem. Since spec-troscopic analysis may be computationally intensive, we a l s o i n vestigate the use of case injected(More)
Since the observation of the first brown dwarf in 1995, numerous studies have led to a better understanding of the structures of these objects. Here we present a method for studying material resistivity in warm dense plasmas in the laboratory, which we relate to the microphysics of brown dwarfs through viscosity and electron collisions. Here we use X-ray(More)
  • R Urbanke, M Vetterli, P Bossaerts, P Embrechts, Prof L Mancini, Dr R Silvotti +23 others
  • 2012
Suisse 2013 PAR Lionel COULOT ii iii A mes parents A Martial iv Abstract We introduce in this thesis the idea of a variable lookback model, i.e., a model whose predictions are based on a variable portion of the information set. We verify the intuition of this model in the context of experimental finance. We also propose a novel algorithm to estimate it, the(More)
Photoionised plasmas are common in astro-physical environments and new high resolution spectra from such sources have been recorded in recent years by the Chandra and XMM-Newton satellites. These provide a wealth of spectroscopic information and have motivated recent efforts aimed at obtaining a detailed understanding of the atomic-kinetic and radiative(More)
Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any(More)