Roberto Bergamaschi

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To evaluate the clinical characteristics, course and prognosis of Devic’s neuromyelitis optica (DNO), to evaluate the prognostic role of demographic and clinical features, to evaluate the current DNO diagnostic criteria. Demographic, clinical, CSF and MRI data of patients affected by DNO were collected from fifteen Italian MS centres. Inclusion criteria(More)
In patients with primary progressive (PP) multiple sclerosis, brain MRI lesion activity and burden are low, despite the presence of severe neurological impairment. On the contrary, the degree of cord atrophy and diffuse tissue damage in the brain and cervical cord have been found to be associated with clinical disability. Against this background, this study(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic disease) is a severely disabling autoimmune disorder of the CNS, which was considered a subtype of multiple sclerosis (MS) for many decades. Recently, however, highly specific serum autoantibodies (termed NMO-IgG or AQP4-Ab) have been discovered in a subset (60-80%) of patients with NMO. These antibodies were(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging is sensitive to the more destructive aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS) evolution occurring outside and within T2-visible lesions and, as a consequence, holds promise for providing a more complete picture of primary progressive (PP) MS-related tissue damage than conventional magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
In 70-80% of cases, neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is associated with highly specific serum auto-antibodies to aquaporin-4 (termed AQP4-Ab or NMO-IgG). Recent evidence strongly suggests that AQP4-Ab are directly involved in the immunopathogenesis of NMO. To assess the frequency, syndrome specificity, diagnostic relevance, and origin of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
BACKGROUND A polyspecific, intrathecal humoral immune response against neurotropic viruses such as measles, rubella and varicella zoster virus (MRZ reaction, MRZR) is present in 80-100% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but has not to date been evaluated in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO). AIMS To evaluate whether MRZR distinguishes NMO(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To verify the existence of a symptomatic form of restless legs syndrome (RLS) secondary to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify possible associated risk factors. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, case-control epidemiologic survey. SETTINGS Twenty sleep centers certified by the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine. PATIENTS Eight(More)
The geographical analysis of a disease risk is particularly difficult when the disease is non-frequent and the area units are small. The practical use of the Bayesian modelling, instead of the classical frequentist one, is applied to study the geographical variation of multiple sclerosis (MS) across the province of Pavia, Northern Italy. 464 MS-affected(More)
The two chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and gamma-interferon inducible protein (IP)-10, are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We measured MCP-1 and IP-10 levels in serum and CSF samples from 38 acute and 25 stable MS patients and from 40 controls. The latter consisted in patients with other(More)