Roberto Arias

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Several recent reports have described a high incidence of anaphylactic reactions in patients being dialyzed with high-flux membranes while simultaneously using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Many of these reports implicate polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as the membrane commonly involved in these reactions. To elucidate potential mechanisms of these(More)
Degradation of extracellular matrix, particularly interstitial collagen, promotes plaque instability and contributes to restenosis after vascular injury. We have explored the effects of vitamins C and E on the collagen content and metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression after angioplasty in hypercholesterolemic pigs. Iliac angioplasty was performed on 18(More)
Numerous clinical and epidemiological studies have identified elevated homocysteine levels in plasma as a risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease and thromboembolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia may develop as a consequence of defects in homocysteine-metabolizing genes; nutritional conditions leading to vitamin B(6), B(12), or folate deficiencies; or(More)
Impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation has been associated with decreased NO bioavailability in hypercholesterolemia. This study aimed to determine whether antioxidant vitamins C and E could improve hypercholesterolemia-derived endothelial dysfunction in the porcine model, and whether observed in vivo results could be reproduced in vitro by incubation(More)
Seven patients with diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) and two patients with neonatal hepatitis were studied by electron microscopy. In all patients the diagnosis was done by clinical examinations, laboratory assays, histological studies by punch or surgical biopsies and or surgical examinations combined with intraoperatory cholangiography. The(More)
The role of vitamin E and selenium as protective agents against oxidative stress was evaluated by measuring liver chemiluminescence in situ. Weanling rats fed a vitamin E- and selenium-deficient diet showed liver chemiluminescence that was increased 60 and 100% over control values at 16 and 18 days respectively after weaning. At day 21, the double(More)
The excitation-contraction coupling theory postulates that the main source of activator calcium is the sarcoplasmic reticulum that releases calcium in response to an electrical stimulus. This happens to be true in skeletal muscle, but recently several discrepancies have been raised about the validity of this hypothesis in cardiac muscle. These discrepancies(More)