Roberto Amici

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This study was carried out in order to further test the hypothesis that the occurrence of REM sleep in the rat in the form of episodes separated by long intervals (single REM sleep episodes) and by short intervals (sequential REM sleep episodes) is differently influenced by changes in both sleep and ambient related processes. Rats were studied during the(More)
The possibility of inducing a suspended animation state similar to natural torpor would be greatly beneficial in medical science, since it would avoid the adverse consequence of the powerful autonomic activation evoked by external cooling. Previous attempts to systemically inhibit metabolism were successful in mice, but practically ineffective in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Exposure to low ambient temperature (Ta) depresses REM sleep (REMS) occurrence. In this study, both short and long-term homeostatic aspects of REMS regulation were analyzed during cold exposure and during subsequent recovery at Ta 24 degrees C. DESIGN EEG activity, hypothalamic temperature, and motor activity were studied during a 24-h(More)
Putative sympathetic premotor neurons controlling cutaneous vasomotion are contained within the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVMM) between levels corresponding, rostrally, to the rostral portion of the nucleus of the facial nerve (RVMM(fn)) and, caudally, to the rostral pole of the inferior olive (RVMM(io)). Cutaneous vasoconstrictor premotor neurons in(More)
Thermoregulation is known to interfere with sleep, possibly due to a functional interaction at the level of the preoptic area (POA). Exposure to low ambient temperature (T(a)) induces sleep deprivation, which is followed by sleep rebound after a return to laboratory T(a). As two POA subregions, the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) and the median(More)
In recent years, sleep medicine has evolved into a full-grown discipline, featuring a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment of patients with sleep disorders. Sleep medicine cuts across the boundaries of different conventional disciplines and is therefore open to medical and non-medical professionals with different specialty backgrounds. The(More)
In the albino rat, a REM sleep (REMS) onset can be induced with a high probability and a short latency when the light is suddenly turned off (dark pulse, DP) during non-REM sleep (NREMS). The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent DP delivery could overcome the integrative thermoregulatory mechanisms that depress REMS occurrence during exposure(More)
Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] plays an inhibitory role in rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep although the exact mechanism(s) and site(s) of action are not known. It is commonly assumed that 5-HT exerts its influence on REM sleep via input from the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) directly onto cholinergic neurons involved in the generation of REM sleep.(More)