Roberto A S Schweizer

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The impact of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH) on 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 activity was investigated upon coexpression in HEK-293 cells. Confocal microscopy analysis indicated colocalisation of both enzymes at the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Functional analysis in intact cells revealed(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 and type 2 catalyze the interconversion of inactive and active glucocorticoids. Impaired regulation of these enzymes has been associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies in animals and humans suggested that dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has(More)
A rapid screening assay for chemicals inhibiting 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 or type 2 using lysates from stably transfected cells was developed. Here, we tested a series of environmental chemicals for anti-11beta-HSD activities. Inhibition of 11beta-HSD2, which may cause cortisol-dependent activation of the mineralocorticoid(More)
The role of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) in the local activation of the glucocorticoid receptor by converting inactive 11-ketoglucocorticoids to active 11beta-hydroxyglucocorticoids is well established. Currently, 11beta-HSD1 is considered a promising target for treatment of obese and diabetic patients. Here, we demonstrate a(More)
Recent epidemiological studies demonstrated a beneficial effect of coffee consumption for the prevention of type 2 diabetes, however, the underlying mechanisms remained unknown. We demonstrate that coffee extract, corresponding to an Italian Espresso, inhibits recombinant and endogenous 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) activity. The(More)
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1), catalyzing the intracellular activation of cortisone to cortisol, is currently considered a promising target to treat patients with metabolic syndrome; hence, there is considerable interest in the development of selective inhibitors. For preclinical tests of such inhibitors, the characteristics of(More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) is essential for the local activation of glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Unlike unliganded cytoplasmic GR, 11beta-HSD1 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-membrane protein with lumenal orientation. Cortisone might gain direct access to 11beta-HSD1 by free diffusion across membranes, indirectly via(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) exerts beneficial effects on blood glucose levels and insulin sensitivity in obese rodents and humans, resembling the effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) ligands and opposing those of glucocorticoids; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Glucocorticoids are reactivated locally(More)
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