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BACKGROUND Biotype B of the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.), is a worldwide pest that has developed resistance to many insecticides, including the neonicotinoid class. Florida field populations were monitored for susceptibility to the neonicotinoids imidacloprid and thiamethoxam using a cut leaf petiole bioassay method. RESULTS Average RR(50)(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical implementation and evaluation of heroin substitution programmes have been confounded by the lack of objective and validated biomarkers for illicit heroin use in patients prescribed pharmaceutical heroin. This study examined the capacity to detect illicit heroin use by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of urine(More)
A previously described method for the analysis of hair has been modified to include analysis for amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cocaine and its metabolites, methadone and its metabolite, and phencyclidine in addition to opiates on a sample of hair. The samples of hair were washed twice with dichloromethane and cut into 1-mm segments prior to extraction with(More)
BACKGROUND According to physical impairments of massive obesity, cardiac, respiratory and gastrointestinal physiology must be considered as much as pharmacokinetic behavior. Anesthetic management of morbidly obese patients has to be carefully planned, in order to minimize the increased risks of aspirative pneumonitis, hemodynamic instability and delay in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Leaf life span is widely recognized as a key life history trait associated with herbivory resistance, but rigorous comparative data are rare for seedlings. The goal of this study was to examine how light environment affects leaf life span, and how ontogenetic development during the first year may influence leaf fracture toughness, lamina(More)
A method for the simultaneous analysis of urine for the major drugs of abuse is described. The analytical procedure uses solid-phase extraction (SPE), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and a semi-automated identification process. It allows simultaneous extraction, derivatization and analysis of acidic, neutral and basic drugs from urine. Urine(More)
BACKGROUND Obsessive thoughts and compulsive drinking behaviors have been proposed as key factors associated with the loss of control over alcohol consumption experienced by alcohol-dependent patients. The self-report 14-item Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS; Anton et al., 1995) was designed in order to rate these features. METHODS A(More)
1 1 This work concerns the usage of Genetic Algorithms for the calibration of COCOMO-like models and has been developed during the MS thesis of Roberto Cordero. CSELT is the STET Group's Company for the study, research, experimentation and qualification for telecommunications and information technology. It contributes to the study of advanced systemistic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Plant design refers to the construction of the plant body or its constituent parts in terms of form and function. Although neighbourhood structure is recognized as a factor that limits plant survival and species coexistence, its relative importance in plant design is not well understood. We conducted field research to analyse how the(More)
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