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Barrows and gilts (n = 128) from four breed crosses were used to investigate the effect of age at slaughter on carcass traits, proteolytic enzyme activity, and meat and fat quality. Pigs were blocked by breed cross into four blocks, and within blocks, one pen (eight barrows and eight gilts) was assigned randomly to be slaughtered at either 8 or 10 mo of(More)
Seven ham manufacturing plants were sampled for 1 year to assess the mycoflora present in the air and on hams, with special attention given to potential mycotoxin producers. Temperature and relative humidity were recorded in the ripening rooms. Maturing rooms held hams from 2 to 3 through 6 to 7 ripening months, and aging rooms held hams for the following 6(More)
In the present study, a fast and sensitive method for the quantification of ochratoxin A in two lipidicproteic food matrices has been developed. In particular, the sample preparation procedure has been optimized for dry-cured meat products and blue cheeses and tested for several validation parameters (LOD, LOQ, recovery, repeatability and within-laboratory(More)
To identify DNA markers associated with performance, carcass, and meat production traits including muscle postmortem cathepsin activity, several porcine genes encoding for lysosomal proteinases (cathepsin B, CTSB; cathepsin D, CTSD; cathepsin F, CTSF; cathepsin H, CTSH; cathepsin L, CTSL; and cathepsin Z, CTSZ) and for a cathepsin inhibitor (cystatin B)(More)
Excessive softness is a serious defect of dry cured hams which seems related to high activity of lysosomal cysteine proteinases, such as cathepsin B, in fresh pork muscles a few days after slaughtering. As it has been shown that cathepsin B activity has a moderate heritability in Italian Large White pigs we started a candidate gene approach to identify the(More)
Thirty-eight Italian dry-cured hams were analysed for cathepsin B activity, proximate composition and proteolysis index and results were related to lean tissue texture, as assessed by an expert panel, in order to search for relationships between excessive softness, a major problem in the raw ham industry, and chemical parameters. Softness was found to be(More)
A fast and sensitive method for the quantification of the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) in dry-cured meat products has been developed, which does not require a clean-up step, by HPLC with an alkaline mobile phase (pH 9.8). Validation procedures for specificity, trueness, ruggedness, stability, recovery and repeatability were performed. The decision limit (CC(More)
Maturing time and salt were fixed factors and fat was a covariate in a full factorial design study of sensory and texture properties of 36 dry cured hams. Samples were chosen to fit three ageing and salt classes. Differences (P < 0.05) in sensory scores were found between whole slices (with cover fat) and their biceps femoris (BF) counterparts, with sweet(More)
Twelve yeast strains isolated from the surface of Italian typical dry-cured hams, belonging to D. hansenii, D. maramus, C. famata, C. zeylanoides and H. burtonii species, and previously selected for their ability to grow in dry-cured ham-like substrates, were screened for antagonistic activity against a toxigenic strain of P. nordicum and inhibition of(More)