Roberta Vicentini

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OBJECTIVES Disease manifestations such as photic cortical reflex myoclonus or myoclonus due to intermittent light stimulation rely on a pathologic interaction between non-structured visual inputs and the corticospinal system. We wanted to assess the normal interaction, if any, between a prior photic input and the output of the cortico-motoneuron connection.(More)
We explored the action of chronic valproic acid (VPA) on the human epileptic cortex by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS is an emerging biomarker for neurotropic drugs. We had 15 drug-naive patients with different epileptic syndromes. Interictally, we measured several TMS indexes of cortical excitability before commencing VPA and 3(More)
27 obese women (relative body weight 191 +/- 27%), aged 35 +/- 11, underwent a 15 day very low calorie diet (VLCD: 1337 kJ/day). Mean body weight loss was 6 +/- 1.5 kg. Resting metabolic rate (RMR), measured by indirect calorimetry, showed a significant decrease both in absolute values (from 1793 +/- 225 to 1569 +/- 231 kcal/day; P less than 0.001), and in(More)
The objective was to assess the changes in cortical excitability after sleep deprivation in normal subjects. Sleep deprivation activates EEG epileptiform activity in an unknown way. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can inform on the excitability of the primary motor cortex. Eight healthy subjects (four men and four women) were studied. Transcranial(More)
OBJECTIVE To use paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate cortical excitability in drug-naive patients with partial epilepsy. METHODS Twenty-one drug-naive patients with partial epilepsy and 15 control subjects were studied. The relaxed threshold to TMS, the central silent period, and the intracortical inhibition/facilitation(More)
Sex ratio and size structure constitute basic information in assessing reproductive potential and estimating stock size in fish populations. One hundred fifty-one individuals of Micropogonias furnieri caught by experimental otter trawls, in three zones (inner, central, and outer) of Sepetiba Bay between October 1998 and September 1999 were examined. Males(More)
BACKGROUND Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic developmental disorder, mostly caused by a deletion on the paternal chromosome 15 or by a maternal uniparental disomy 15. Some PWS clinical and neurochemical features suggest an involvement of the corticospinal motor structures. OBJECTIVE To explore the corticospinal physiology of PWS by transcranial(More)
Hemimegalencephaly is a rare brain malformation whose physiology is largely obscure. In a single patient, we studied motor cortex using several transcranial magnetic stimulation variables testing cortical excitability, and mapping motor area. The megalencephalic hemisphere showed an enlargement of cortical motor map with abnormal axonal orientation and an(More)
Various methods to assess lean and fat body masses and abdominal-visceral adipose tissue were compared in 26 obese women on extremely hypocaloric diets. The following anthropometric parameters were measured before and after 15 days of extreme calorie restriction: arm circumference (A), waist circumference (W), hip circumference (H) and thigh circumference(More)
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