Roberta Venè

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Dissemination of metastatic cells probably occurs long before diagnosis of the primary tumor. Metastasis during early phases of carcinogenesis in high risk patients is therefore a potential prevention target. The plant polyphenol Curcumin has been proposed for dietary prevention of cancer. We therefore examined its effects on the human breast cancer cell(More)
Xanthohumol (XN), the principal flavonoid of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.) and a constituent of beer, has been suggested to have potential cancer chemopreventive activities. We have observed that most cancer chemopreventive agents show antiangiogenic properties in vitro and in vivo, a concept we termed "angioprevention." Here we show for the first time(More)
Artesunate (ART) is a semi-synthetic derivative of the sesquiterpene artemisinin used for the second line therapy of malaria infections with Plasmodium falciparum. ART also inhibits growth of many transformed cell lines. In the present investigation, we show that ART inhibited the growth of normal human umbilical endothelial cells and of KS-IMM cells that(More)
Several reports have attributed to green tea chemopreventive and therapeutic properties. Epidemiological studies have linked the regular use of green tea to a reduced incidence of breast and colon carcinomas. Tea contains several antioxidants, including polyphenols of the catechin (green tea) and theaflavin (black tea) groups. Green tea derivatives have(More)
During their differentiation to antibody-secreting plasma cells, B lymphocytes undergo dramatic changes in metabolism, structure, and function. Here we show that this transition entails extensive intra- and extracellular redox changes. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven activation and differentiation of naïve murine B splenocytes is paralleled by increased(More)
PURPOSE Green tea consumption has been linked to a reduced occurrence of some tumor types. Current data indicate that the principal mediator of this chemopreventive effect is epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant polyphenol found in dried tea leaves. Here, we examined the effects of this compound on the two key cell populations typically(More)
Inflammation is deeply entangled with redox modulation. Triggering of PRRs on inflammatory cells induces ROS generation. As a consequence, activated cells mount antioxidant responses to counteract the possible harmful effects of oxidation. Therefore, when repair is completed, homeostasis is restored. Here, we describe some recent results showing that an(More)
Limited amounts of reactive oxygen species are necessary for cell survival and signaling, but their excess causes oxidative stress. H(2)O(2) and other reactive oxygen species are formed as byproducts of several metabolic pathways, possibly including oxidative protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum. B- to plasma-cell differentiation is characterized by(More)
Human embryonal carcinoma Ntera2/D1 (NT2) cells treated with retinoic acid (RA) differentiate into several cell types including post-mitotic neurons. In this study we asked if RA-induced differentiation alters the expression of RA and retinol (ROL) binding proteins. The regulation of the intracellular carrier proteins for ROL and RA, cellular retinol(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in cellular invasion and growth. Recent observations on tumor tissue samples suggest that MMP activity is altered in relation to cell density. Therefore, we examined MMP(-1,-2,-3,-8,-9,-10,-11 and -13) and TIMP-1/-2 expression of well-defined cell densities in breast carcinoma cell lines with differing in(More)