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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to test for the presence of the fragile X (FRAXA) premutation a group of women with early menopause. STUDY DESIGN 45 women with idiopathic premature ovarian failure (POF), five with a familial and 40 with a sporadic form, were screened for the presence of FRAXA premutation. A control group of 28 women >45 years, with(More)
Schwannomatosis is characterized by the onset of multiple intracranial, spinal, or peripheral schwannomas, without involvement of the vestibular nerve, which is instead pathognomonic of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). Recently, a schwannomatosis family with a germline mutation of the SMARCB1 gene on chromosome 22 has been described. We report on the(More)
Schwannomatosis is characterized by the development of multiple non-vestibular, non-intradermal schwannomas. Constitutional inactivating variants in two genes, SMARCB1 and, very recently, LZTR1, have been reported. We performed exome sequencing of 13 schwannomatosis patients from 11 families without SMARCB1 deleterious variants. We identified four(More)
High-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) provides a valid approach to efficiently detect DNA genetic and somatic mutations. In this study, HRMA was used for the screening of 116 colorectal cancers (CRCs) to detect hot-spot mutations in the KRAS and BRAF oncogenes. Mutational hot spots on the PIK3CA gene, exons 9 and 20, were also screened. Direct sequencing(More)
Fast and reliable tests to detect mutations in human cancers are required to better define clinical samples and orient targeted therapies. KRAS mutations occur in 30-50% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) and represent a marker of clinical resistance to cetuximab therapy. In addition, the BRAF V600E is mutated in about 10% of CRCs, and the development of a(More)
Schwannomatosis (MIM 162091) is a condition predisposing to the development of central and peripheral schwannomas; most cases are sporadic without a clear family history but a few families with a clear autosomal dominant pattern of transmission have been described. Germline mutations in SMARCB1 are associated with schwannomatosis. We report a family with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate retrospectively c-erbB-2 oncogene amplification in paraffin embedded specimens of collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney (CDC) with competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eleven CDC specimens were evaluated with a novel PCR procedure for oncogene amplification measurement, which provides sensitive and(More)
The region q13-15 of chromosome 12 contains SAS, CDK4, and MDM2 genes that are rearranged or amplified in a variety of human sarcomas. This study evaluated SAS gene amplification, and MDM2 and CDK4 protein expression in 20 tumor samples of central low-grade osteosarcoma (16 primary, 3 recurrences, 1 lung metastasis). SAS amplification was analyzed by(More)
Nervous system tumors represent unique neoplasms that arise within the central and peripheral nervous system. While the vast majority of nervous system neoplasm occur sporadically, most of the adult and pediatric forms have a hereditary equivalent. In a little over a decade, we have seen a tremendous increase in knowledge of the primary genetic basis of(More)