Roberta Saleri

Learn More
The Central Nervous (CNS) and Immune Systems (IS) are the two major adaptive systems which respond rapidly to numerous challenges that are able to compromise health. The defensive response strictly linking innate to acquired immunity, works continuously to limit pathogen invasion and damage. The efficiency of the innate response is crucial for survival and(More)
The present study evaluated the lymphocyte activation in PRRSV-vaccinated pigs subsequently exposed to natural infection by in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with homologous vaccine and two heterologous PRRSV isolates. The responsiveness was assessed by determining IFN-γ secreting cells by ELISpot assay, lymphocyte CD8(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the direct effect of leptin on GH gene expression and secretion and the role of nitric oxide as a possible mediator in pig anterior pituitary cells. Pituitary cells from adult sows were treated for 4 or 24 h with rhleptin (from 0.1 nM to 1 microM) alone or in association with GHRH (10 nM) or hexarelin (10 nM). At the(More)
Taking into account the role played by the neuroendocrine network in affecting the early development of the immune response, the present study aims to assess neonatal immunity in piglets by testing peripheral lymphocyte age-related changes in relationship to plasma levels of some relevant immunoregulatory hormones, such as growth hormone (GH), prolactin(More)
Galanin is widely distributed in the peripheral and central nervous system and has been indicated as a putative hypothalamic-hypophysiotropic hormone. This study was performed to investigate the effects of galanin on both growth (GH) and luteinizing hormones (LH) from pituitaries of young male calves. Pituitary slices (P, 500 microm in thickness) were(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is enhanced in malnutrition; physiological increments in GH secretion seem to play an important role in regulating metabolism during fasting. Leptin has also been shown to play a role, amongst others, in modulating the somatotropic axis. In this study, we investigated how the composition of culture media could influence basal and(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of recombinant human leptin on growth hormone (GH) secretion in perifused anterior pituitary slices from adult pigs. Anterior pituitary slices from sows were perifused and treated with recombinant human leptin (10 nM) and GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 1 nM). In some experiments, pituitary slices were coincubated(More)
The objective of this paper was to study the changes of some cytokines and neuroendocrine hormones in vaccinated and unvaccinated pigs that were naturally infected by a PRRSV-1 (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus) heterologous field strain. We analyzed gene expression of pro-inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1β, MCP-1, IL-6), pro-immune (IFN-γ) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the effects of IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha on GH gene expression and secretion with or without galanin and hexarelin. METHODS Pituitary cells from adult pigs were treated with IL-1beta, IL-6 or TNF-alpha (1, 10 and 100 ng/ml), alone or in association with galanin or hexarelin (10(-8) M): GH mRNA was measured by RT-PCR and GH(More)
In this study we investigated the somatotropic axis in piglets with evident growth delay. Female Suffolk crossbred piglets (30 days old; N = 12) were divided into normal weight (10 +/- 0.9 kg) and poor growing subjects (7 +/- 0.5 kg) and bled for growth hormone (GH), Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 and 3(More)