Roberta Romagnoli

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Cytokines are important regulators of materno-fetal immunotolerance in mammals. They act within an intricate network, in which the balance among different cytokines contributes to the success of reproductive processes. Despite numerous studies, however, the role of cytokines at the materno-fetal interface remains largely unknown. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a(More)
OBJECTIVE MIF is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in reproduction. Systemic activation of maternal inflammatory cell responses may play an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesized that MIF could be involved in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN Concentration of immunoreactive MIF was assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassorbent(More)
BACKGROUND The translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is an abundantly expressed protein found in a wide range of organisms from both the animal and plant kingdom. Initially described as a growth-related protein, knowledge of the biological actions of TCTP has been recently extended to include calcium binding, regulation of apoptosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin (UCN) is a recently described neuropeptide member of the CRF family, responsible for the secretion of the proopiomelanocortin-derived peptides from the pituitary gland. Although previous results have demonstrated the synthesis of several neuroendocrine factors in the prostate, no studies have been carried out on the expression of UCN in(More)
We recently showed that interleukin-1 (IL-1) is secreted by the placenta of a species of squamate reptile, the three-toed skink, Chalcides chalcides. In this study, we used immunohistochemical techniques to investigate the expression of IL-1 (in the two isoforms, IL-1alpha and IL-1beta) and its specific membrane receptor IL-1 RtI in uterine oviduct during(More)
Myosins of class II constitute part of a superfamily of several classes of proteins expressed in almost all eukaryotic cell types. Differences in the heavy chains produce three isoforms of class II non-muscle myosins (A, B and C), which are widely distributed in most tissues and thought to be components of the cell motor systems, although specific(More)
The translationally controlled tumor protein (TPT1, also known as TCTP) is a highly conserved, abundantly expressed protein found in mammals as well as in a wide range of other organisms of both the animal and plant kingdom. Initially considered as a growth-related protein, later studies showed TPT1 is endowed with multiple biological activities, including(More)
Considering the potential role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the inflammation process in placenta when infected by pathogens, we investigated the production of this cytokine in chorionic villous explants obtained from human first-trimester placentas stimulated with soluble antigen from Toxoplasma gondii (STAg). Parallel cultures were(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important proinflammatory cytokine involved in regulation of macrophage function. In addition, MIF may also play a role in murine and human reproduction. Although both first trimester trophoblast and decidua express MIF, the regulation and functional significance of this cytokine during human placental(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine MIF (macrophage migration inhibitory factor) is involved in physiological and pathological processes in pregnancy. MIF maternal serum levels are increased in preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesize that pregnancy tissues are the source of MIF overexpression in PE. MIF protein was studied in maternal sera, placental tissues, fetal(More)