Roberta Rehder

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In an era of residency duty-hour restrictions, there has been a recent effort to implement simulation-based training methods in neurosurgery teaching institutions. Several surgical simulators have been developed, ranging from physical models to sophisticated virtual reality systems. To date, there is a paucity of information describing the clinical benefits(More)
Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling has been suggested to play an important role in the inflammatory microenvironment of solid tumors and through this inflammation-mediated tumor growth. Here, we studied the role of tumor cells in their process of self-maintaining TLR expression independent of inflammatory cells and cytokine milieu for autoregulative tumor(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent advances in optics and miniaturization have enabled the development of a growing number of minimally invasive procedures, yet innovative training methods for the use of these techniques remain lacking. Conventional teaching models, including cadavers and physical trainers as well as virtual reality platforms, are often expensive and(More)
BACKGROUND Refinements in optics and instrumentation have enabled surgeons to approach deep-seated intracranial diseases with reduced exposure and brain retraction. The anterior subtemporal keyhole approach is a minimally invasive route to the posterolateral aspect of the suprasellar area and petroclival region. OBJECTIVE In this cadaveric study, we show(More)
Donald Darrow Matson made seminal contributions to the field of pediatric neurosurgery. Born in 1913 in Fort Hamilton, New York, Matson was the youngest of four sons of an army colonel. He graduated from Cornell University and, years later, from Harvard Medical School. Matson selected Peter Bent Brigham Hospital for his neurosurgical training, which was(More)
Neural structures in the posterior fossa grow at different rates during development. While there are computationally intensive approaches to analyze growth of the cerebellum and brainstem, there is a paucity of information about summary measures of normal posterior fossa development suitable for real-time clinical use. The present study investigates changes(More)
William Sharpe was an intriguing figure in the history of American neurosurgery. He was an extraordinarily bright and gifted man who led a flamboyant, colorful, and unconventional life. He had an international impact on the field of neurosurgery during the first half of the 20th century, yet few practicing neurosurgeons know his name. In this report, the(More)
Purpose: The programmed death-1/programmed death ligand (PD-1/PD-L) pathway in T cell activation has been shown to play an important role in tumor evasion from host immunity. The predictive value of PD-L1 and PDL2 expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains still under discussion. We analyzed whether negative signaling of infiltrating PD-1-positive T(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite recent technological advances, direct approaches to the posterolateral incisural space remain surgical challenges. The choice of the operative route depends on the exact location and extent of the target lesion as well as individual preferences. The extreme lateral infratentorial supracerebellar approach to treat pathologies located in the(More)
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