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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal route of delivery of gene therapy for an intracerebral (IC) tumor. In previous studies, treatment of an IC tumor with the IC administration of a cellular vaccine consisting of allogeneic fibroblasts genetically engineered to secrete cytokines prolonged survival. Systemic delivery of gene(More)
Between 1987 and 1988, we utilized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of seven cases of "subacute" pituitary apoplexy, that is, intra-adenomatous pituitary hemorrhage associated with clinical symptoms atypical of acute pituitary apoplexy. These symptoms lasted longer than 24 hours and included visual changes in four patients, headache in(More)
Acute intracranial hypertension was induced in cats by progressive inflation of an epidural balloon. Changes in intracranial pressure (ICP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), heart rate (HR), electroencephalogram (EEG), and pupil size were studied in untreated animals and in animals that had received barbiturates at different(More)
Epidural lipomatosis usually occurs as a complication of steroid therapy. This report includes the first description of a case secondary to hypothyroidism. Adults in all age groups can be affected and present with progressive signs and symptoms of spinal cord or cauda equina compression. The dorsal aspect of the thoracic spine is most commonly involved,(More)
OBJECT The current prognosis for patients with malignant brain tumors remains poor, and new therapeutic options are urgently needed. We previously have shown that prolongation of survival can be achieved in C57BL/6 mice (H-2b) with a syngeneic intracerebral or subcutaneous glioma when treated with allogeneic mouse fibroblasts (H-2k) genetically engineered(More)
A novel approach toward the treatment of glioma was developed in a murine model. The genes for both interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were first transfected into a mouse fibroblast cell line that expresses defined major histocompatibility complex (MHC) determinants (H-2k). The double cytokine-secreting cells were then cotransplanted(More)
We have reported that mice with an intracerebral (i.c.) malignant glioma or breast cancer treated with i.c. injection of allogeneic fibroblasts genetically engineered to secrete interleukin-2 (IL-2) survived longer than mice in various control groups. The goal of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing IL-2 secreting allogeneic(More)
We have measured insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) binding in human gliomas, meningiomas, and normal brain and studied the effect of insulin on the morphology, proliferation, and differentiation of central nervous system tumor and normal fetal cells in culture. Specific 125I-insulin and 125I-IGF-I binding was demonstrated by(More)
OBJECTIVE A primary goal of the AANS/CNS Section on Tumors is to foster neuro-oncology research. The Research Committee was charged with the responsibility of assessing the neuro-oncology research opportunities currently available within neurosurgery residency programs and proposing strategies to enhance these activities. METHODS Two separate surveys were(More)
Recent studies show that thiazolinediones (TZDs), agonists of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), induce apoptosis in glioma and glioblastoma cells. Here we compared the effects of troglitazone (Trog), a TZD with low affinity for binding to PPARgamma but with potent metabolic effects, on survival and metabolism in GL261 glioma(More)