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293 Abstract— Two studies investigated updating of self-position and heading during real, imagined, and simulated locomotion. Subjects were exposed to a two-segment path with a turn between segments; they responded by turning to face the origin as they would if they had walked the path and were at the end of the second segment. The conditions of pathway(More)
The route direction effect and its constraints p. 19 Spatial information and actions p. 39 The impact of exogenous factors on spatial coding in perception and memory p. 63 Judging spatial relations from memory p. 79 Relations between the mental representation of extrapersonal space and spatial behavior p. 107 Representational levels for the perception of(More)
Vibratory roughness perception occurs when people feel a surface with a rigid probe. Accordingly, perceived roughness should reflect probe and surface geometry, exploratory speed, and force. Experiments 1 and 2 compared magnitude estimation of roughness with the bare finger and two types of probes, one designed to eliminate force moments, under the(More)
This paper describes preliminary work in the use of a virtual environment to derive just noticeable differences (JNDs) for force. Specifically, we look for thresholds of force sensitivity so that we may ultimately construct therapeutic force feedback distortions that stay below these thresholds. Initially, we have concentrated on JNDs as they are applied to(More)
Three experiments investigated whether the systematic errors previously observed in a triangle-completion task were caused by failures to form and update a cognitive heading or by use of perceived heading (even though an updated cognitive heading was available) during the response. These errors were replicated when participants indicated the origin of(More)
Imperceptible visual distortion, in the form of a disguised progression of performance goals, may be a helpful addition to rehabilitation after stroke and other brain injuries. This paper describes work that has been done to lay the groundwork for testing this hypothesis. We have constructed and validated an experimental environment that provides(More)
In previous work, we demonstrated that people reliably perceive variations in surface roughness when textured surfaces are explored with a rigid link between the surface and the skin [e.g., Klatzky and Lederman 1999; Klatzky et al. 2003]. Parallel experiments here investigated the potential of a force-feedback mouse to render surfaces varying in roughness.(More)