Roberta Gabbianelli

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BACKGROUND Zinc is an essential element for all living cells. Recent studies have shown that the ZnuABC zinc uptake system significantly contributes to the ability of several pathogens to multiply in the infected host and cause disease, suggesting that zinc is scarcely available within different tissues of the host. To better understand the role of zinc in(More)
Calcineurin is a serine/threonine phosphatase involved in a wide range of cellular responses to calcium mobilizing signals. Previous evidence supports the notion of the existence of a redox regulation of this enzyme, which might be relevant for neurodegenerative processes, where an imbalance between generation and removal of reactive oxygen species could(More)
We have investigated the response to oxidative stress in a model system obtained by stable transfection of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y with plasmids directing constitutive expression of either wild-type human Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase or a mutant of this enzyme (H46R) associated with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We report that(More)
Calcineurin (CN) is a protein phosphatase involved in a wide range of cellular responses to calcium-mobilizing signals, and a role for this enzyme in neuropathology has been postulated. We have investigated the possibility that redox modulation of CN activity is relevant to neuropathological conditions where an imbalance in reactive oxygen species has been(More)
BACKGROUND Highly virulent enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains possess three sodC genes encoding for periplasmic Cu, Zn superoxide dismutases: sodC, which is identical to the gene present in non-pathogenic E. coli strains, and sodC-F1 and sodC-F2, two nearly identical genes located within lambdoid prophage sequences. The significance of this(More)
Pyrethroids are one of the most widely used class of insecticides and their toxicity is dominated by pharmacological actions upon the CNS. This study reports as the subchronic treatment (60 days) with permethrin (PERM) (1/10 of LD(50)) induced nuclear DNA damage in rat striatum cells. Comet assay outcomes showed that PERM produced single- and double-strand(More)
The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp recording was used to study the voltage-dependent Na+ currents in a model system for the familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) associated with mutations in Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. Here we report that the amplitude of voltage-gated Na+ currents is significantly reduced in cell lines(More)
The effect of nedocromil sodium on the plasma membrane fluidity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was investigated by measuring steady-state fluorescence anisotropy of 1-[4-trimethylammonium-phenyl]-6-phenyl- 1,3,5-hexatriene (TMA-DPH) incorporated in the membrane. Our results show that nedocromil sodium 300 muM significantly decreased membrane(More)
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