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Two distinct IL-18 neutralizing strategies, i.e. a rabbit polyclonal anti-mouse IL-18 IgG and a recombinant human IL-18 binding protein (rhIL-18BP), were used to treat collagen-induced-arthritic DBA/1 mice after clinical onset of disease. The therapeutic efficacy of neutralizing endogenous IL-18 was assessed using different pathological parameters of(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a safe modality for examining the bone marrow and it is quite effective in revealing marrow involvement in hematological malignancies. MRI has been compared with needle marrow biopsy in 22 patients with myelodysplastic disorders. A fairly good concordance has been demonstrated in 79% of cases. However, in 5 patients MRI(More)
In the present study the interaction of doxofylline, a new antiasthmatic drug, with A1- and A2-adenosine receptors of the guinea-pig brain and rat striatum was investigated in comparison with known methylxanthine derivatives. Inhibition studies of N6-cyclohexyl-3H-adenosine (3H-CHA), 1,3-diethyl-8-3H-phenylxanthine (3H-DPX) binding and(More)
The effect of doxofylline, a new xanthine drug with a low incidence of side-effects in the central nervous, renal and gastroenteric system, on the actions of PAF-acether on bronchopulmonary functions was studied. Doxofylline inhibited: (1) PAF-induced bronchoconstriction in vitro, and the concomitant generation of TXA2-like activity in perfused guinea-pig(More)
Based on gene expression data, we tested the P8A-CCL2 variant of the chemokine CCL2, able to interfere with the chemotactic properties of the parental molecule, in relapsing-remitting (RR)-EAE SJL. Only preventive treatment significantly delayed disease onset in a dose dependent manner. P8A-CCL2 administration, however, decreased demyelination, axonal loss(More)
In order to acquire prevalence and genetic data on Cryptosporidium infections in captive lizards and snakes kept as pets, a survey was conducted on 150 individual reptiles from southern Italy. Fecal samples were preserved in 5% formalin and analyzed using a commercial immunofluorescence assay (IFA) for the detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia(More)
Giardia and Cryptosporidium spp. are important enteric protozoan pathogens for humans and animals, and have been found to contaminate water as well as edible shellfish all over the world. This is the first study to simultaneously investigate the presence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in inflowing water and harvested shellfish in a geographically closed(More)
Doxofylline is a new antibronchospastic drug, recently introduced in therapy, with pharmacological properties like theophylline, a potent adenosine receptor antagonist. The authors have investigated the occurrence, after doxofylline administration, of the typical side-effects displayed by methylxanthines in general. The EC50 values of doxofylline in(More)
This paper contributes to the pharmacological profile of doxofylline (Ansimar), a new xanthine derivative with high antibronchospastic activity and no extrapulmonary or cardiac side-effects, clearly demonstrating its inability to mobilize intracellular calcium stores, unlike other xanthines. In vitro, doxofylline does not cause rabbit ear artery contraction(More)