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BACKGROUND The efficacy of sulphasalazine and mesalazine in preventing relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis is well known. It is less clear how long such maintenance should be continued, and if the duration of disease remission is a factor that affects the risk of recurrence. AIM To determine whether the duration of disease remission affects the(More)
Gastric carcinomas (GCs) with high microsatellite instability (MSI) or an Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection are prevalently poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas with abundant lymphoid infiltration. The aims of the study were to clarify (1) if tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and cytotoxic-activated TILs are associated with a better clinical outcome(More)
PURPOSE The methylation status of hMLH1, CDKN2A, and MGMT was investigated in a panel of synchronous cancers of the ovary and endometrium, fulfilling the clinicopathologic criteria for independent primary tumors to define the possible role of epigenetic mechanisms in the development of these cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Bisulfite-converted DNA from 31(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The efficacy of 5-aminosalicylic acid (mesalamine) in the treatment of flare-ups of Crohn's disease is controversial. In previous studies, different locations and pathological behavior of Crohn's disease could have obscured the efficacy of these drugs that deliver their substance in different intestinal sites. The present study tested two(More)
Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) and vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (v-MAT2) are involved in the biosynthesis and storage of histamine. DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) is involved in the biosynthesis of a variety of amines and shares a high degree of homology with HDC. HDC and v-MAT2 immunoreactivities (IR) have recently been detected in well-differentiated(More)
AIMS (1) To validate a quantitative real time methylation specific PCR assay (MethyLight) for the detection of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene methylation status (MS) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). (2) To determine the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of the MGMT protein and correlate it with MS. Both IHC and MethyLight(More)
The aim of the study was to identify the impact on prognosis of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 genetic program in colorectal carcinomas and to develop an experimental procedure that would allow a reliable quantitative gene expression analysis in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and 13(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in critical pathways involved in tumor growth and metastases. In our study we evaluated the expression of HIF-1alpha transcript and protein by quantitative real time PCR and by immunohistochemistry in a total of 78 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) and in 8 samples of(More)
In this work we report for the first time a family in Italy with the BRCA1 ins6kbEx13 mutation, a recurrent founder mutation originating from northern Britain. After the initial identification of exon 13 duplication by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA assay), we confirmed the identity of the alteration with the previously published(More)
To assess whether early breast lesions are the precursors of invasive carcinomas, three classes of breast lesions, namely benign tumors (including fibroadenomas), putative premalignant lesions (including cases of atypical hyperplasia), and invasive carcinomas, were compared at the cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic levels. Genetic relatedness was clearly(More)