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BACKGROUND The efficacy of sulphasalazine and mesalazine in preventing relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis is well known. It is less clear how long such maintenance should be continued, and if the duration of disease remission is a factor that affects the risk of recurrence. AIM To determine whether the duration of disease remission affects the(More)
PURPOSE The methylation status of hMLH1, CDKN2A, and MGMT was investigated in a panel of synchronous cancers of the ovary and endometrium, fulfilling the clinicopathologic criteria for independent primary tumors to define the possible role of epigenetic mechanisms in the development of these cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Bisulfite-converted DNA from 31(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The efficacy of 5-aminosalicylic acid (mesalamine) in the treatment of flare-ups of Crohn's disease is controversial. In previous studies, different locations and pathological behavior of Crohn's disease could have obscured the efficacy of these drugs that deliver their substance in different intestinal sites. The present study tested two(More)
The aim of the study was to identify the impact on prognosis of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 genetic program in colorectal carcinomas and to develop an experimental procedure that would allow a reliable quantitative gene expression analysis in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and 13(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in critical pathways involved in tumor growth and metastases. In our study we evaluated the expression of HIF-1alpha transcript and protein by quantitative real time PCR and by immunohistochemistry in a total of 78 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) and in 8 samples of(More)
Mixed endocrine-exocrine tumors of the gut are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with uncertain histogenesis showing different morphologic and clinical features. The aim of this work is to clarify the histogenesis of these tumors by studying the genetic profile of both the endocrine and exocrine components. We performed an allelotyping analysis of five(More)
This work has evaluated the potential superiority of a morphomolecular classification based on the combination of clinicopathologic and molecular features of colorectal cancers. A cohort of 126 colorectal carcinomas was investigated by unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis to combine 13 routinely assessed clinicopathologic features and all five(More)
PURPOSE The molecular pathogenesis of gastroenteropancreatic endocrine tumors (ETs) is still largely unknown. The purpose of this work was a molecular characterization of 38 gastroenteropancreatic ETs with respect to the primary site and to the morphofunctional profile, pointing out useful diagnostic or prognostic molecular markers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
To assess whether early breast lesions are the precursors of invasive carcinomas, three classes of breast lesions, namely benign tumors (including fibroadenomas), putative premalignant lesions (including cases of atypical hyperplasia), and invasive carcinomas, were compared at the cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic levels. Genetic relatedness was clearly(More)
In this work we report for the first time a family in Italy with the BRCA1 ins6kbEx13 mutation, a recurrent founder mutation originating from northern Britain. After the initial identification of exon 13 duplication by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA assay), we confirmed the identity of the alteration with the previously published(More)