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The increased generation of reactive oxygen species that occurs in the condition of obesity may be responsible for oxidative injury to erythrocyte membranes, which could lead to a decrease in tissue oxygenation. Therefore, we have looked into the effects of obesity on both indexes of oxidative damage and physical-chemical properties of erythrocyte membranes(More)
BACKGROUND Physical exercise is characterized by an increase in oxygen consumption by the whole body. This leads to a decrease in antioxidant levels that could promote both an increase in the markers of lipoprotein peroxidation and damage to the erythrocyte membrane with consequent modification of membrane fluidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Different markers(More)
Supplementation with fish oils, rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, modifies cardiovascular risk factors. However, dose-response relationships are poorly defined and whether similar effects are seen in young and older subjects is not known. This study determined the effect of supplementing the diet of young and older male subjects with different(More)
Age-related changes in nutritional status can play an important role in brain functioning. Specific nutrient deficiencies in the elderly may exacerbate pathological processes in the brain. Consequently, the potential of nutritional intervention to prevent or delay cognitive impairment and the development of dementia is an important topic. A randomized,(More)
The antioxidant properties of milk casein subunits (alpha-casein, beta-casein and kappa-casein) were evaluated in liposomal models. All the subunits of casein are able to inhibit Fe-induced peroxidation of arachidonic acid inserted into multilamellar liposomes of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (0.2 mM and 0.8 mM, respectively). The peroxidation was(More)
Aqueous and methanol extracts of dry sage, rosemary, basil, parsley, chili, garlic and onion were analyzed to investigate their anti-oxidant and anti-glycant activities and in vitro inhibitory potential against enzymes involved in glycemic regulation. The aqueous extracts of rosemary and sage were the richest in phenolic compounds and showed the highest(More)
The effect of alpha-tocopherol enrichment of low- and high-density lipoproteins on Cu(2+)-catalyzed lipid peroxidation in the hydrophobic core and in the hydrophilic envelope of lipoproteins was investigated by using two pyrene derivatives, namely, cholesteryl pyrenyl hexanoate (P6Chol) and pyrene dodecanoyl sulfatide (P12CS). The progressive decrease in(More)
The increased generation of reactive oxygen species, which occurs in the condition of obesity, may be responsible for oxidative injury to erythrocyte membranes, which could lead to a decrease in tissue oxygenation. We have therefore looked into the effects of obesity on both indexes of oxidative damage and physical-chemical properties of erythrocyte(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether age-related increase in concentrations of circulating inflammatory mediators is due to concurrent increases in cardiovascular risk factors or is independent of these. METHODS AND RESULTS Cytokines (IL-6, IL-18), chemokines (6Ckine, MCP-1, IP-10), soluble adhesion molecules (sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, sE-selectin) and adipokines(More)
A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out to assess the efficacy of a docosahexenoic acid (DHA)-phospholipids, melatonin and tryptophan supplemented diet in improving the erythrocyte oxidative stress, membrane fluidity and membrane-bound enzyme activities of elderly subjects suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI).(More)